Not all adult men know how prostatitis manifests itself, so few people pay attention to the initial symptoms of this disease. At the same time, this is one of the most common urological pathologies today, so it is imperative to familiarize yourself with its features and manifestations. It is widely believed that the disease is typical of men of mature age, but today this disappointing diagnosis can be made to quite young people between the ages of 18 and 20.
Simplicity is an extremely vulnerable organ for the penetration, development and spread of pathogens, therefore it is adversely affected by diseases of the bladder, urethral walls, vas deferens and other organs and systems.
What is the first thing to know about prostatitis?
To know exactly how to define prostatitis, you should first familiarize yourself with the main features of this disease. It is an inflammatory process localized in the prostate gland. Typically, inflammation is caused by infectious microorganisms that can enter the prostate in various ways. At the same time, prostate infection will not always indicate the onset of prostatitis development. In order for the pathology to begin to manifest itself, a combination of certain factors is required.
The symptoms of prostatitis can begin to appear for the following reasons:
- Stool problems (for example, frequent constipation or other similar diseases).
- A sedentary lifestyle (at work, at home), little physical activity and stress. Taking this factor into account, the risk group includes men who carry out various professional activities: drivers, programmers, office workers.
- Hypothermia of the body (systematic or significant one-off).
- Prolonged abstinence (lack of sex life) or too active sex life. The manifestation of the signs of the disease is possible even during normal sexual activity.
- Frequent stressful and depressive conditions, disturbances in the psycho-emotional and psychological background of a person.
- Problems with food intake (frequent overeating, preference for spicy, smoked, salty foods, alcoholic beverages, lack of at least some kind of diet).
What is the most common prostatitis?
Treatment of this disease is often not difficult, since prostatitis can be detected already in the initial stages, knowing all its possible manifestations. It should be noted right away that it is customary to distinguish chronic and acute forms of pathology.
- If an acute form of the disease begins to develop, the main symptom of prostatitis will be the presence of inflammation in the prostate area. The inflammatory process in this case will necessarily be accompanied by an increase in body temperature (often up to 39-39. 5 degrees), pain in the groin and perineum, pain when urinating and defecating.
- The chronic form of the disease, strangely, rarely bothers patients (except in cases of exacerbation). This is why many men simply do not pay attention to manifested male prostatitis. During the period of exacerbation of the disease, the patient may feel a slight increase in body temperature (up to about 37-37. 5 degrees), discomfort and unusual sensations when urinating and defecating, the presence of a relatively small amount of contentpurulent or mucous from the urethra. Given the insignificance of such manifestations, many men attribute these symptoms to other pathologies, as a result of which treatment and referral to specialists are postponed until the last.
Signs of disease
The signs of prostatitis in men are very specific and indicative, therefore, knowing them, the patient can independently suspect the manifestations of this pathology, consult a doctor in time and begin treatment in a timely manner. There is also a certain dysuria syndrome, which will clearly indicate a high probability of a pathology in a person. Six main signs can be distinguished simultaneously, which in different cases can manifest themselves all together or separately.
But in cases where there are 2-3 signs, this already becomes a serious reason for an immediate appeal to the urologist:
- Problems with urination (it is difficult to urinate, urine is released in drops).
- The urine flow is rather slow, falls, has a short radius, the patient cannot physically strengthen it.
- Pain when urinating.
- Increased duration of urination, division, intermittent flow, splashing in different directions.
- After urinating, the feeling remains that the bladder is not completely empty.
- In the evening and at night it becomes necessary to go to the toilet more often.
If a man has any of these signs, don't jump to clinical conclusions. This is due to the fact that regardless of what symptoms appear, prostatitis has a rather complex pathogenesis, so it is better to entrust the diagnosis to a qualified specialist.
Therefore, it is strictly forbidden to start treatment of the disease, relying solely on well-known symptoms. You can clarify the symptoms and exactly how prostatitis manifests itself in men at any urologist, who, to make a diagnosis, will necessarily take into account not only the symptoms that have appeared, but also the results of laboratory and instrumental studies.
As noted above, the disease can be chronic or acute. Frequent urination is a common symptom and one of the most important. A healthy man usually experiences no more than 10-11 pulses to urinate during the day (the normal indicator is 5-6 pulses).
As a result of the development of inflammation of the prostate, a negative effect on the bladder occurs, therefore, in the presence of the disease, the following symptoms will appear:
- Increase in the number of urgencies (while the daily volume of urine remains the same).
- Urine comes out in small portions, which is associated with the reception of false signals from the bladder receptors due to the presence of an inflammatory process. Also, therefore, there may be a feeling that the bladder is full even after emptying.
- Pain when urinating, caused by the narrowing of the urethra due to the inflammatory process in the prostate.
- Difficulty urinating due to the squeezing of certain areas of the urethra by inflammation. In some cases, men cannot empty their bladder at all because of this.
- At night, the bladder walls start giving false signals, which increases the number of trips to the bathroom during sleep.
Prostatitis can be diagnosed in part by monitoring body temperature, along with problems associated with urination. If these problems are accompanied by an increase in temperature to subfebrile and febrile values, then we can speak with a high degree of probability of the development of pathology. It is important to note that in the later stages of the development of the disease, on the contrary, a decrease in body temperature to 35. 5-36 degrees can be noted, which is still an extremely negative and dangerous symptom, which cannot be tolerated.
In the intermediate stages of the disease, blood may be present in the patient's urine. This feature is relatively rare and often not indicative, but extremely dangerous. It can begin to manifest itself due to purulent fusion of the prostate, trauma to the prostate gland and in cases of complications of the inflammatory process with hyperplasia. Treatment in this case is complicated (surgery is often required).
Treatment should be started immediately after the first symptoms of the disease appear. If there are at least some, albeit insignificant, as it seems, problems with urination, which in some cases are accompanied by an increase in body temperature and pain in the area of simplicity, then it is necessary to immediately make an appointment with a urologist to clarifythe diagnosis. It is imperative to pay attention to the signs of the pathology described above, since quickly and painlessly defeating prostatitis is possible only with timely treatment.