Inflammation of the prostate brings a lot of unpleasant sensations to a man, it makes him suffer both physically and psychologically. Initiated prostatitis can lead to dangerous consequences, up to infertility, the development of benign and malignant tumors in the tissues of the organ, complete impotence. Therefore, an important role is played by a timely visit to a doctor, who establishes the causes of the inflammatory process and competent therapy. Today on the pharmacological market there are several drugs and effective remedies for the treatment of prostatitis, different for action, effectiveness and price.
Effective treatment of prostatitis is provided only by an integrated approach, which includes the use of drugs, diet, physiotherapy, the use of folk recipes, the elimination of provoking factors and the elimination of the causes of the pathological process. Drug therapy, in turn, includes the use of drugs aimed at eliminating various problems. Drugs for the treatment of inflammation of the prostate are presented in various dosage forms, they can combine several actions at once.
Dosage forms of drugs for prostatitis
Medicines for prostatitis are presented in the following dosage forms:
- tablets or capsules;
- drugs for injection;
- rectal suppositories;
- microenemas and instillations.
The latter can be made both on the basis of natural ingredients and on the use of medicines.
You can't do without pills in the treatment of prostatitis. Treatment of chronic prostatitis in men can be carried out using other dosage forms, but only during periods of remission. During an exacerbation, you will need to take pills. Since most often the inflammatory process in the prostate gland is provoked by infectious agents, treatment necessarily includes the use of various types of antibiotics. In addition, in the treatment of all types of prostatitis, the following groups of drugs can be used, prescribed according to the indications in each case:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- muscle relaxants;
- hormonal preparations;
In addition, complex preparations have been developed that have a combined effect on prostatitis.
Such drugs are needed in almost all cases of acute prostatitis, caused by pathogenic microorganisms. When inflammation is caused by congestion of the pelvic organs, antibiotics can also be used if tests reveal the activity of the so-called non-specific or opportunistic microflora.
Self-medication with antibiotics, uncontrolled intake, use of such drugs on the advice of friends or the Internet is strictly prohibited. To determine which drugs are needed in a particular case, only a qualified doctor can rely on the test results. Some patients require a combination of different types of antibiotics. The determination of the type of drug, the doses, the dosage schedules and the duration of the treatment cycle is the sole responsibility of the urologist.
The following groups of antibiotics can be used in the treatment of prostatitis:
- fluoroquinolones- destroys the DNA synthesis of cells of pathogenic microorganisms, thereby suppressing their vital activity;
- tetracyclines- broad-spectrum antibiotics that suppress pathogenic microflora, which is rather difficult to tolerate by patients;
- cephalosporins- damage the cell membranes of pathogenic microorganisms, interfering with their life and reproduction, these antibiotics have many side effects, negatively affect the state of the gastrointestinal tract, so they are almost never prescribed intablets and recommended for intramuscular administration;
- penicillins- blocks the synthesis of the protein necessary for microorganisms to build cell structures, these funds, unlike the previous ones, have almost no side effects and are taken in tablets;
- macrolides- drugs with the least toxicity to the human body, are very well tolerated by patients, but are rarely prescribed due to the unproven efficacy in the treatment of prostatitis.
The need for a course of taking antibiotics according to certain schemes and in certain dosages is due to the peculiarities of their action. Only after reaching a certain concentration, which must be replenished at regular intervals, the pharmacological substances begin to suppress the pathogenic microflora. To completely destroy it, it takes from ten days to a month. If the course is not completed, as some patients do, when they feel well, infectious agents can remain in the body, acquire drug resistance and, under certain conditions, begin to multiply again.
Alpha-adrenergic receptor blockers
This group of drugs is prescribed for severe urinary problems to relax the smooth muscles of the bladder and urethra.
Alpha-adrenergic blockers differ in their action: some act selectively on receptors, others do not have this selectivity.
Many alpha blockers are hypotensive, so they are not prescribed for patients with low blood pressure. They have almost no side effects, prevent backflow of urine and prevent reinfection of the prostate.
Analgesics and antispasmodics
With a pronounced pain syndrome, especially with an inflammatory-purulent course of prostatitis, you can not do without painkillers. The pain in prostatitis is so intense that the patient cannot even touch the affected area. Most analgesics do not affect the area of pain, but relieve sensitivity from the brain centers in the cortex. Therefore, it is not worth using them regularly, they do not provide real help in solving the problem.
Antispasmodics have another effect. These drugs relax the smooth muscles of the organs, relieve spasms.
These drugs are aimed at eliminating inflammation, reducing swelling in the affected area, have an antipyretic and analgesic effect, facilitate urination, but most often the inflammation is removed with suppositories and microclysters.
Preparations based on herbal ingredients
Natural preparations are recommended for use in chronic forms of the disease. They require a long course of administration, but they can improve the function of the prostate gland, suppress the activity of pathogenic microflora and strengthen the immune system, which suffers from a long fight against infections.
Several types of antibiotics are recommended for intramuscular administration for prostatitis.
The most effective remedy for inflammation of the prostate, produced in solutions for intramuscular injection, is a special preparation that has a complex effect: relieves swelling, improves fluid circulation in the affected area, relieves inflammation, increasessmooth muscle tone, strengthens the immune system.
Rectal suppositories are considered the most effective way to relieve pain and inflammation. Their effectiveness is due to the fact that they bypass the bloodstream, liver and gastrointestinal tract, penetrating directly into the affected area. Doctors advise to use in the treatment of prostatitis:
- ichthyol candles;
- candles with drugs;
- candles with propolis.
Injection directly into the rectum, located near the inflamed area, provides rapid action of suppositories. This treatment has the following effects:
- quickly relieves the pain syndrome;
- relieves swelling and inflammation;
- improves blood circulation in the affected area;
- prostate function is restored;
- the pathogenic microflora is destroyed;
- the urination process is resumed.
Suppositories are recommended for all forms of prostatitis.
Microclysters and instillations
Like rectal suppositories, microclictors and instillations provide a rapid release of active substances directly to the inflamed organ.
Procedures can be carried out with the use of solutions of medicinal preparations, decoctions and alcoholic tinctures of medicinal herbs, natural oils.
Before taking any prostatitis medication, consult your doctor and undergo a comprehensive examination. Drug therapy is very effective, but if a man does not change his habits and does not eliminate the effect of provoking factors, prostatitis will return very soon, even with effective treatment.