Prostatitis – difficult and very delicate problem for all men, many are shy and are afraid of this diagnosis, this is why lay a visit to the doctor. But it must be remembered that the earlier the treatment, the greater the chances of obtaining positive results and many years, to live a full life. Treatment of prostatitis requires a global approach, in order to get rid of the symptoms of this disease and prevent complications, it is necessary to consult a doctor, not self-medication.
The diagnosis of prostatitis
Before you begin to treat the prostatitis, each man must undergo an examination. This is necessary in order to establish the cause and the form of the disease. Usually, the diagnosis does not cause difficulties for the urologist, therefore, the probability of a stage of a diagnostic error and of destination, incorrect treatment, is negligible.
The diagnostic procedures necessary in the prostatitis, to deliver a certain discomfort and discomfort of the patient, but to do it without them, it is unfortunately not possible.
After the collecting of the anamnesis and general inspection urologist performs digital rectal examination prostate and the sampling of the secretions of the gland on the scan. When the acute form of the disease this procedure may result in the patient is not only an embarrassment, but the pain. The secret of the prostate will be sent to a laboratory for analysis, which allows to define the form of the disease (infection of the prostate or abacterial). If the biological material reveals the causative agent of the disease is determined by its sensitivity to antibiotics, which greatly improves the efficiency of the treatment and can shorten its duration.
If needed, touch the study is complemented by an ultrasound examination of the prostate, which helps you visualize and identify its state. ULTRASOUND of the prostate can be done in one of two ways: transabdominal (through the abdominal wall) and transrectal (through the rectum).
Transabdominal method does not give the patient discomfort, and the sensitivity of sound is clearly inferior to the second method. This access to the physician can determine the parameters of the gland, but to obtain data on the state of the tissue of the prostate is impossible. However, Transabdominal method used for protegendo of diagnosis.
The study transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) of the prostate is very instructive to survey method, because the ultrasonic sensor separates the tissues of the prostate only rectal bulb. Thanks to the camera technology of this procedure gives a minimum of discomfort to the patient and the use of high-frequency transducers allows the physician to see even the smallest changes in tissue structure of the prostate.
A blood test for PSA (prostatespecific antigen)
Prostatespecific antigen is a substance that is produced by the prostate, the increase in its level in the blood the doctor may suspect the disease of the prostate, including prostatitis. Normal value of PSA is considered to be 4 ng/ml of This blood test is not only testing the diagnostic method (recommended each year to present this analysis to men over 50 years of age), but allows the doctor to assess the effectiveness of the treatment of diseases of the prostate.
Treatment of prostatitis
The treatment of prostatitis and acute worsening of a chronic form of this disease is made on the same pattern. Proper treatment produces a complete cure of prostatitis acute or achieved long-term remission in the chronic form of the disease.
The selection of a drug designated for the treatment of prostatitis, must be performed by a physician, taking into account the results of the analyses. Ill-named, the use of antibiotics may lead to the emergence of resistance to the pathogen, which has caused a prostatitis, to medications, which considerably complicate the continuation of the treatment and can contribute to the transition of prostatitis acute chronic. If the patient is shortly before the beginning of the treatment of prostatitis, taken any antibacterials about the disease, inform your doctor.
A course of antibiotics in chronic prostatitis can last more than 2-3 weeks, but ends when the relief of symptoms of the disease can not be, as dose reduction is planned of the drug and modify the schema of directors.
Detoxification therapy and receipt of analgesics may be needed in severe forms of prostatitis acute. In such cases, the treatment is carried out in a hospital.
A local therapy
Physiotherapy contributes to the improvement of the trophic tissue of the prostate and accelerate the healing process. It is possible to apply the methods of physiotherapy: transrectal microwave hyperthermia, diadynamophoresis, laser, ultrasonic phonophorèse.
The candles at the prostatitis
Suppositories rectal for the treatment of prostatitis are very effective, because the active substances are in the focus of inflammation in the highest concentration. The candles may contain anti-spasmodics, antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs. Their application is often recommended by the doctor, and for the prevention of exacerbations of chronic prostatitis.
The most popular are suppositories propolis, Ichthyol and buckthorn of the candle and the egg, which is composed of peptides extracted from prostate cancer.
The prostate massage
This procedure is one of the most effective methods for the treatment of prostatitis. Thanks to it, accumulated in the prostate gland, the secret is in a hurry to him, and then he appears through the urethra. In addition to this, the massage of the prostate contributes to the improvement of the blood irrigation of the tissues of the thyroid gland, which increases the effectiveness of antibacterial and local treatment.
Conducting a prostate massage in the acute phase of inflammation is contraindicated, since it can lead to the spread of the infection. The procedure is carried out at the calming of acute inflammation. Unfortunately, this method of treatment gives many patients the physical and moral discomfort, but not give all the same not worth it.
The correction of immunity
The strengthening of immunity is required for all patients suffering from inflammatory diseases of the prostate. Good the immune status of the organism will avoid an exacerbation of a chronic form of the disease. Patients are encouraged to strengthen the body's resistance to disease using natural methods (the hardness, the physical activity in the open air), immunomodulators (lemongrass, echinacea, siberian ginseng, ginseng), and synthetic multivitamin complex.
The surgical treatment of prostatitis is often necessary in rare cases of abscess of the prostate or stricture (contractions) of the urethra.
In addition to a drug treatment to men suffering from this disease, you need to change the mode of life and eliminate the factors that favor the development of acute or worsening of chronic prostatitis. It is important to avoid hypothermia, to give up alcohol and lead a sedentary life. The young men are sexually active, you should avoid acquiring sexually transmitted infections, and barrier contraception (condoms).
Which doctor to consult
Prostate milking a doctor urologist. During the detection of an infectious agent, caused the inflammation, it is possible to the consultation venereologist'. An additional aid in the treatment of the disease may have a doctor-therapist and immunologist.