Medical statistics claim that most men on our planet know firsthand what prostatitis is. However, the disease is not always detected and treated quickly. If we talk about the age category of the disease, then the symptoms of prostatitis can be diagnosed at the age of 18, but the long chronic course of the disease with inflammation of the gland (prostate) is typical for older patients.
What is prostatitis in men
The name of the disease comes from the Latin "prostatitis", which literally translates as prostate gland and inflammation. Prostatitis in men is a generalized name for inflammation of the prostate, a holistic picture of the causes and mechanisms of development of which it is not fully understood. Symptoms of inflammation of the prostate are not difficult to recognize, but it should be borne in mind that in all patients the disease proceeds according to an individual scenario, it can develop without special symptoms, imperceptibly flowing into a chronic form.
How prostatitis manifests itself in men
Doctors divide the disease into different forms based on the patient's symptoms and clinical picture. It can be acute, chronic, bacterial, calcareous, congestive, infectious, purulent, and depending on this, prostatitis manifests itself in the form of various symptoms.
It can be diagnosed by sudden attacks of severe pain in the scrotum, difficulty urinating, weak potency. In the presence of the disease, the properties of the sperm and the quality of ejaculation deteriorate. If at least one of the listed symptoms appears, you should see a doctor.
Signs of prostatitis
Symptoms can be diagnosed by doing a general urine and blood test. Research will help identify the culprit of the onset of the disease, and it may be some infections: for example, trichomoniasis, gardnerellosis, chlamydia, and even gonorrhea. Bacteria enter the site through blood vessels from the bladder or rectum and cause health problems. The non-bacterial form of the disease is not detected through tests, however, this is not an indicator of the absence of bacteria. The consequences of both forms can be dire.
The signs of prostatitis in men are divided into two stages: latent and active. The first stage has minor symptoms, but it already indicates the presence of the disease. The latent phase can last for years and is characterized by discomfort in the scrotum, sometimes in the head of the penis, anus. As a rule, men attribute it to simple fatigue. When the pain becomes more intense and the emptying of the bladder begins to cause major problems, it means that the inflammation is progressing and the disease has entered an active phase.
The disease has several stages of development. Initially, it can cause a constant need to urinate, and pain and burning may be present in the bathroom during this procedure. The lower back, pelvic area and groin hurt.
Having discovered the first signs of prostatitis in men, it is necessary to go to consult an andrologist or urologist, so as not to complicate the situation and maintain men's health.
Symptoms of prostatitis
The disease can manifest itself in three main symptoms:
- frequent need to go to the toilet;
- weak or absent erection.
External symptoms of prostatitis include urinary problems. Urine pressure is low, bladder emptying occurs with pain, and there may be a complete absence of urine outflow (in medicine, this phenomenon is called isuria). This is due to compression of the urethra by the inflamed gland. If inflammation is allowed to develop, it envelops the urethra, rectum, genitourinary system or causes the development of a tumor. After 30 years, all men must be examined annually by a specialist.
Inflammation of the prostate causes very different symptoms than prostatitis. The symptoms of acute prostatitis can be severe and cause a very strong general feeling of malaise; with chronic prostatitis, symptoms are usually milder. Not all sick people necessarily have all the characteristic signs of the disease, the severity of symptoms can vary depending on the state of the body and other factors.
To protect himself from the onset of the disease, a man should avoid:
- unbalanced diet (exclude fried food, canned food, alcohol);
- sedentary lifestyle;
- bad habits;
- irregular sex life,
- frequent sexual erections without ejaculation.
The main symptom related to local symptoms is pain. By their nature, they are sore, pulling, bursting, or pressing. According to the pain sensations in prostatitis in men, they are insignificant or strong and are always concentrated in the perineum, in the region of the anus or sacrum.
The cause of the painful symptom is irritation of the prostate gland by the products of the inflammatory process. What other symptoms are there for prostatitis?
Pain may be accompanied by discharge. From the external opening of the urethra, a discharge of varying degrees of transparency, of different density and color often appears, for example, a dense milky white at the end of urination or defecation. In the chronic form, the patient may experience spermatorhea - the release of sperm in small portions during bowel movements and muscle tension in the perineum.
Discharge from prostatitis in men can be purulent greenish. They are also observed with a slow course of the disease, when they consist of damaged epithelium, mucus, leukocytes. This type of discharge, the presence of a painful symptom, chills and elevated body temperature indicate the transition of the disease into an acute form. If a sick man does not go to a urologist, the disease can provoke serious pathologies: prostatic sclerosis, infertility.
Symptoms of chronic prostatitis
The first symptoms of chronic prostatitis can be considered the appearance of discomfort, pain in the lower abdomen, sometimes in the lower back and hip. Sexual dysfunction progresses within a few days. At the end of intercourse, excruciating pain can occur at the tip of the penis, which disappears on its own in a few minutes. Finally, each urination begins to be accompanied by a burning sensation and pain, which will gradually increase.
Symptoms of acute prostatitis in men
In this form, the disease is divided into catarrhal, follicular, purulent. In the first case, the symptoms of acute prostatitis in men are characterized by problems with urination, in the second they are complemented by pain in the scrotum and fever. In the third case, the disease manifests itself in the form of abscesses of the gland and the strongest manifestation of all the above symptoms.
Treatment of prostatitis in men
The treatment process includes measures to eliminate inflammation and congestion of the prostate. Success depends on the quick elimination of them. Treatment of prostatitis in men begins with a diagnosis, with the identification of the root of the problem. The doctor will take a swab from the urethra and, if the result is positive, will prescribe antibiotic therapy. The duration of treatment will depend on the degree of damage to the body and how effectively the existing symptoms disappear.
Young people fall ill, in most cases, due to elementary hypothermia. As a result, the acute form of the disease progresses, to combat which antibiotic therapy is carried out. If prostatitis is provoked by stress, the root of the disease is treated by a neurologist. In these cases, the doctor prescribes relaxing massages, electrophoresis and taking vitamins. Without eliminating the cause of the disease, eliminating it will not work.
When symptoms of prostatitis and prostate adenoma appear, the following treatment mechanism is applied:
- Antibiotics are an important component in the treatment of infectious diseases. The composition of the drugs should have a wide spectrum of action.
- Alpha blockers can be prescribed to improve blood circulation, for rapid recovery of the prostate gland.
- To restore the hormonal system, the doctor may recommend taking hormonal drugs.
- Muscle relaxants prescribed by a specialist will reduce the tension in the striated muscles of the gland.
Herbal remedies are often used in the complex treatment of prostatitis.
If the above methods do not bring the required results, surgical intervention is used. Sometimes it can be the only possible treatment.
Acute and chronic prostatitis syndromes in men can be treated with laser therapy. This method heals the acini (functional units of the gland) and increases the patient's defenses. Chronic prostatitis can be treated with both lasers and medications. With a severe form of the disease without particularly pronounced signs, the laser helps the patient to quickly improve her condition: after two or three procedures, the pain disappears, the power is fully restored.