Antibiotics for chronic prostatitis are prescribed to eliminate the bacterial factor that causes inflammation of the gland.
The goals of antibiotic therapy are to relieve symptoms, prevent complications and restore normal prostate function.
Funds are prescribed by the attending physician based on the test results. The generalized name "antibiotics" means several groups of drugs of various compositions with pronounced antibacterial activity.
True antibiotics are substances of natural (natural) origin or their fully synthetic analogues.
Classification of chronic prostatitis
There are three main forms of chronic prostatitis:
- Chronic bacterial prostatitisis a lesion of the prostate gland associated with the development of pathogenic microflora. It proceeds with symptoms similar to those of acute prostatitis (pain when urinating, presence of pus and blood in the urine, and so on), but has more blurred (facilitated) manifestations.
- Chronic non-bacterial prostatitisis a type of damage to the male prostate gland caused by causes other than pathogenic bacteria (for example, trauma or stone formation in the prostate), found in the presence of infectious diseases. However, the name of the pathology concerns only the etiology of the disease, and not its course, since in the process of pathogenesis, the development of pathogenic microflora identical to other varieties of prostatitis is noted.
- Chronic asymptomatic prostatitisis a disease of the prostate gland caused by the presence of pathogenic microflora in the prostate area and is asymptomatic or nearly asymptomatic. Important! If this type of disease is suspected, as a rule, detected during the diagnosis on the basis of the presence of pathological phenomena such as leukocyturia and / or bacteriuria, an additional diagnosis is required. This is due to the similarity of the course of asymptomatic chronic prostatitis with prostate cancer.
Therefore, regardless of the type of chronic prostatitis, the use of antibiotic drugs is recommended in all cases. The drugs that are used in the appointment of therapeutic practice as drugs of choice will be discussed below. And you need to start by offering readers antibiotics for the chronic prostatitis list.
What antibiotics are there?
In recent years, the resistance of bacteria to certain drugs has significantly increased, therefore, before starting antibiotic treatment for prostatitis in men, it is necessary to examine the patient for the entire STI group and pathogenic flora with the determinationresistance of some microorganisms to certain drugs.
What antibiotics to treat prostatitis at home? There are the following groups of antibacterial drugs (the best antibiotics for prostatitis in men):
- Penicillins.In the past, such antibiotics were actively used for inflammation of the prostate, with the advent of the most active antibacterial drugs, they practically lost their clinical significance, due to the increased number of negative bacteria resistant to penicillins.
- Macrolides.These antibiotics for prostatitis have a broad spectrum of action and low toxicity.
- Tetracyclines.Possess activity against gonococci, chlamydia, mycoplasma. Most often used in the treatment of chronic infectious prostatitis caused by the above pathogens.
- Fluoroquinolones.Often used for the complex treatment of chronic inflammation of the prostate and for acute uncomplicated inflammation of the prostate gland (efficiency up to 100%). They have high activity and low toxicity (they do not disturb the intestinal microflora).
- Cephalosporins.Actively used in the treatment of acute forms of bacterial prostatitis. They are excellent antibiotics for prostatitis, have a broad spectrum of action and a high activity against pathogenic bacteria.
At the same time, modern medicine uses antibiotics for prostatitis or other diseases due to their capabilities:
- quickly destroys the source of the disease and eliminates inflammation;
- produce substances that kill or stop the multiplication of large bacteria and viruses, but safe for the cells of the macroorganism;
- acts when applied externally (suppositories, ointments) and with other methods of administration: intramuscular, oral, intravenous;
- to fight many pathogens at the same time (broad spectrum antibiotics).
What are the most effective antibiotics
To treat or reduce the symptoms of infectious prostatitis, strictly adhere to the doctor's recommendations. Begin the course only after the diagnosis, when the doctor understands the nature of the disease. Self-treatment at home is fraught with devastating consequences, malfunction of the body systems.
Recommendations for antibiotic therapy
The side effects of antibiotics can be as annoying as the worsening of prostatitis.
Typical disadvantages of each drug group:
- Penicillins: rash, dermatitis, diarrhea;
- Cephalosporins: diarrhea. Rash and fever are rare;
- Macrolides: nausea, vomiting. Sometimes colitis occurs, cholestatic jaundice;
- Fluoroquinolones: abdominal pain, diarrhea.
Diarrhea is the most common side effect of antibiotics. It is caused by two reasons: an imbalance of the intestinal microflora, an overgrowth of bacteria called Clostridium difficile. It is possible to prevent and eliminate diarrhea by taking pro and prebiotics in parallel.
In addition to antibiotics, the following treatments are used to successfully treat prostatitis, especially chronic prostatitis:
- prostate massage is the best way to improve blood circulation and the discharge of inflammatory secretions from the prostate gland;
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - not used in parallel with fluoroquinolones;
- herbal preparations;
- alpha blockers.
In order to effectively cure a disease, it is necessary to carry out diagnostics that show the type of bacteria that cause the disease in a particular patient, their sensitivity to drugs. Based on the results of the test, the doctor decides by what means to treat chronic prostatitis or an acute form of the disease.