Inflammation of the prostate is a problem for many men over 40. Most often, this disease becomes chronic. This is due to the neglect of the pathology, as men rarely go to the doctor when the first symptoms appear. In addition, prostatitis becomes chronic due to the influence of negative factors. At this stage, several drugs are prescribed for the treatment of chronic prostatitis in men, since the therapy should be long and complex.
But in order for remission in the event of illness to last longer, a man must not only take all the drugs prescribed for treatment, but also lead a healthy lifestyle and follow a diet prescribed by the attending physician.
Factors that cause and worsen prostatitis include:
- alcohol abuse;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- infectious and viral diseases;
- wrong diet.
Many men do not understand how destructive this disease is for their body. If you don't get medical therapy on time, chronic prostatitis can be complicated. These complications include:
- prostate abscess;
- formation of cysts and stones in the prostate gland, which can only be treated with surgery;
- vesiculitis. In this disease, inflammation of the seminal vesicles occurs;
- prostate sclerosis most often occurs due to untreated prostatitis, and this complication is treated only with surgery;
- and sometimes even prostate cancer.
The symptoms and treatment of these complications are different, but all of these conditions are serious. Most often, these complications are treated with surgery.
All complications can be prevented with regular visits to a urologist and proctologist. Especially men over 45 need to see these doctors once a year. And do laboratory tests (general and PSA concentration).
Medicines for the treatment of chronic prostatitis
How to treat prostatitis? There are several drugs needed for the treatment of chronic prostatitis, as prostatitis cannot be treated with a drug. Complex therapy includes antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, antispasmodics. It is also very important to take vitamins and drugs that support immunity.
What groups of drugs will be prescribed for chronic prostatitis depends on the causes of its occurrence. If the infectious nature of the disease is identified, the main components of therapy will be antibacterial drugs. As a rule, they are selected with a wide range of shares, but sometimes others are appointed. The duration of treatment for exacerbation in chronic prostatitis depends on the severity of its manifestation. It may take 14 days or even 3 months to take antibiotics.
Prescriptions can be completely different, as appropriate laboratory tests for sensitivity to these drugs are performed prior to the appointment. Most often, antibiotics are prescribed in the form of injections, less often tablets. Since these drugs in the form of injections are much faster and more effective.
Drugs from different groups are sometimes prescribed for acute inflammation.
Immunomodulators and immunostimulants
In case of chronic prostatitis, caused by an infection, it is simply necessary to take immunomodulators. These drugs are taken together with antibiotics, as they promote better penetration of the active substance into the focus of inflammation, and also restore the balance of the components of the immune system, so the body of the body actively begins to fight inflammation. Also, with chronic prostatitis, it is recommended to take these drugs 2 times a year as a preventive measure.
This type of drug should only be prescribed by a doctor, since the wrong dosage and prolonged use of immunomodulators can lead to the opposite effect, namely, a chronic decrease in immunity. These drugs are available in the form of a solution for injection and rectal suppositories. Most often, in the period of exacerbation, a course of 5-10 days is prescribed in the form of injections, and then a smooth transition to suppositories.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to relieve discomfort quickly as they reduce inflammation and swelling. Thus, the pain is eliminated.
In particularly acute cases, these drugs are ineffective, so hormonal drugs are prescribed. Sometimes hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs are used in physiotherapeutic procedures, i. e. electrophoresis, thus acting locally on the prostate. In this case, the hormonal drug does not have a general effect on the body.
This type of drug is increasingly prescribed today for chronic prostatitis. Alpha blockers act on the bladder and prostate, which are their receptors. Therefore, they relax the muscles, thus making it easier to urinate. This means that the pain when urinating is eliminated.
But these drugs affect blood pressure indicators, alpha blockers lower it. They are contraindicated in people who have severe hypotension. This combination will lead to dangerous consequences.
Severe pain in the perineum is common during the exacerbation of chronic prostatitis. In this case, spasms of the striated muscles occur. This means that the use of antispasmodics and muscle relaxants is required.
General tonic and tonic drugs
This group includes drugs prescribed to improve the functioning of the gland. And they must necessarily be prescribed as part of the main drug therapy.
Topical medications for the treatment of chronic prostatitis are particularly effective. In the case of prostatitis, these are rectal suppositories. In this form, pharmacological companies produce antispasmodics, antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The use of drugs in such a dosage form is possible both in the acute course of the disease, and in other cases, for example, after an operation.
Both suppositories and ointments injected rectally are sufficiently effective since they act directly on the prostate. When introduced into the rectum, they are absorbed into its walls and the prostate is just adjacent to its back wall of the intestine. In addition, such drugs for the treatment of prostatitis do not pass through the whole body and liver, where part of the active substance is metabolized.
It is important to note that it is forbidden to prescribe such candles and ointments on your own. Since a high concentration of the active ingredient is absorbed into the gland and if used incorrectly, overdose and complications with the wrong dose can occur.