Prostatitis is an insidious disease that often turns into a chronic and incurable form. The slightest provocation returns the symptoms: pain in the perineum, difficulty urinating, worsening of erection.Primary prevention of prostatitis is a normal and healthy lifestyle that does not require any special restrictions. Secondary (prevention of recurrence of an already existing disease) involves a more detailed set of measures, including diet, refusal of alcohol, drug support.
Risk factors for prostatitis
Prostatitis develops with a combination of two main factors: infection and stagnant processes in the gland. The main sources of pathogens that cause inflammation of the gland:
- Intestine (Proteus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli, Klebsiella);
- Infected sexual partner (mycoplasma, chlamydia);
- Foci of inflammation within the body: tonsil infections, decayed teeth.
A pathogen introduced into a healthy prostate through the urethra or through the bloodstream is likely to be destroyed by defense cells. If the immunity of the local tissue of the gland is impaired against the background of stagnant processes (the blood flow is slowed down, the cells lack nutrition and oxygen) and intoxication, prostatitis will most likely develop.
The role of physical activity in the prevention of prostatitis
A sedentary lifestyle is the main cause of prostatitis in both adults and young people. Inflammation of the prostate gland against the background of venous congestion in the small pelvis is called congestive.
When a man engages in regular physical activity, his pelvic floor muscles are toned. They keep the bladder and other organs in an anatomically correct position. It is important for the proper functioning of the sphincters of the urethra, bladder, quality contraction of the prostate and its complete emptying.
For men who do not have the opportunity to jog or go to the gym, as a preventive measure against prostatitis, ordinary gymnastics performed at home is suitable:squats, circular movements of the body, pumping of the press. It is necessary to engage in 15-20 minutes before a light sweating. Kegel exercises are a good option for warming up the prostate, but shouldn't be done if there are stones in the gland (chronic calcareous prostatitis).
For the prevention of prostatitisbrisk walking uphill(on a slope or on uneven ground),swimming, jogging- cardio loads alow intensity. Some men avoid bicycles and stationary bikes, believing that saddle pressure on the gland triggers prostatitis. The problem can be solved by selecting an anatomically shaped seat with a hole. But even from the usual model, there will be no damage if the riding style is non-aggressive (blows of the horse against the saddle or frame are excluded).Cycling 5-10 km, 2-4 times a week, is a good prevention of prostatitis.
Spa procedures (bath, ice hole)
There is a theory that strong exposure to low body temperatures will "wake up" the immune system and stimulate recovery from most diseases, including prostatitis. To do this, many dive into an ice hole or pour ice water over it. It should be noted thatA competent temperament has nothing to do with the Epiphany bath or the immersion in character after the bath. Men who decide to get rid of prostatitis or to prevent it in this way are likely to get an aggravation the next day. During cold stress, the spasm of blood vessels, hormones are released that disrupt the functioning of the reproductive system.
Spa procedures (bath, sauna) are beneficial for the prostate (especially with congestive prostatitis), as they improve blood microcirculation. This does not apply to extreme relaxation in a bath or sauna with high temperatures and alcohol. The latter risks provoking an exacerbation of prostatitis.
Prostate massage is a procedure that not all men accept. If this is felt normally, 1-2 times a week can be performed as a prophylaxis for prostatitis. To do this, attract a partner or use a special vibrating massager. However, it should be noted thatregular sex and exercise are much healthier and safer. If the massage is performed by a non-professional, there is a high risk of prostate injury.
Do not massage for preventive purposes without a preliminary examination. In the prostate there can be calcifications, cysts and more dangerous neoplasms that do not manifest themselves in any way. It is also unacceptable to use home physiotherapy devices that use electromagnetic or ultrasonic waves without a doctor's approval.
Regular sex plays an important role in the primary and secondary prevention of prostatitis. But doctors make a reservation:sexual intercourse should not be "tortured", but desired, against the background of normal libido. Mechanical movements and weak orgasms are an ineffective way to keep the gland in good shape. There should be full sexual arousal, stimulating the release of certain hormones and initiating a cascade of biochemical processes.
Too frequent orgasms due to masturbation or sexual intercourse can lead to exhaustion of the genital centers and a decrease in the tone of the prostate muscles (atony). This will cause it to stop functioning and increase the risk of developing prostatitis. As a preventive measure, 3-4 intercourse per week is sufficient. For men over 50, one ejaculation every 7 days is enough to prevent stagnant prostatitis.
Prevention of infectious prostatitis: sexual hygiene
Many couples, in an attempt to diversify their sex life, forget the basic hygiene rules. According to statistics, in most cases,unprotected sex becomes the cause of prostate infection.
Men who engage in unprotected anal sex often become victims of chronic prostatitis caused by intestinal microflora. Most of the microorganisms that live in the intestine are hostile to other organs. Once in the urethra, they enter the bladder and prostate, causing slow inflammation.
Oral sex can also cause prostatitis. The tongue, pharynx, tonsils, decayed teeth and the inner surface of the cheeks are potential sources of pathogenic bacteria that can cause inflammation of the gland.
A healthy and balanced diet is the key to overall good health. An important element in the prevention of prostatitis are timely and regular bowel movements. With constipation, the rectum swells, presses on the prostate. Toxins begin to be absorbed into the blood through the intestinal walls, which also enter the gland.
For the prevention of constipation, it is necessary to create a diet in such a way that 2/3 of the food consumed is occupied by vegetables, fruits and cereals (fiber). Physical activity is also important for normal bowel contraction (peristalsis).
Useful products for the prevention of prostatitis:
- Pumpkin seeds (source of zinc). You need to eat 30-50 seeds a day on an empty stomach in the morning for a week. It is useful to add nuts and honey to them.
- Seafood, blue fish.
- Vegetables (celery, parsley, watercress).
Diet plays an important role in the secondary prevention program of prostatitis. Alcohol, fatty, fried, spicy and overly salty foods will cause a new round of inflammation. Symptoms can literally appear the next day. In this case, the treatment will have to start over.
Pharmaceuticals are mainly used for secondary prevention during remission of chronic prostatitis. Even a single inflammation can provoke a decrease in cellular immunity of the prostate, a violation of its protective barrier. Most prophylactic agents aim to restore an adequate immune response of the gland.List of the most popular immunomodulatory drugs for the prevention of prostatitis:
- Tablets and suppositories based on animal prostate extracts (peptides);
- Tablets that stimulate the production of interferons (proteins that protect the body from pathogens);
- Suppositories containing an enzyme that prevents the formation of fibrous tissue, has anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects;
- Suppositories based on human proteins synthesized using genetic technology.
For secondary prevention and treatment of complex forms of prostatitis, injections of an immunomodulator based on bacterial proteins are used. Basic properties:
- Reduces inflammation.
- Regenerates tissues and nerve fibers.
- Restores blood flow.
- Prevents scar formation after exacerbations of prostatitis.
During treatment with an immunomodulator, side effects are possible: reduced ability to concentrate, fever, fatigue, weakness.
A relatively inexpensive and effective prophylactic agent for chronic prostatitis ispropolis candles. Applying the course allows you to prevent inflammation, improves cellular immunity.
For the prevention of stagnant prostatitis and hyperplasia, doctors recommend drugs to thin the blood and speed up metabolism based on the palm of the hand.
Folk remedies are suitable for primary and secondary prevention of prostatitis. First of all, these are natural adaptogens, stimulants of immunity, which also have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.The most effective folk remedies:
- Beekeeping products: decoction and infusion of submore bee (on dead bees), propolis, honey, bee bread, royal jelly. The main advantage is the high content of highly absorbable vitamins and minerals.
- Plants-adaptogens: ginseng, rhodiola rosea (red brush), algae (willow), echinacea (cannot be abused - it inhibits hyaluronidase, which prevents the formation of fibrous tissues), chestnut tincture, eleutherococcus.
- Mud pads and applications (Saki mud, blue clay).
Tinctures and decoctions are drunk in cycles of two weeks once a quarter.
Annual urological examinations for the prevention of prostatitis are recommended for all sexually mature men, especially after the age of 40. At this age, the number of risk factors is increasing: hormone levels change, chronic diseases accumulate and physical activity decreases.
The standard examination plan includes an ultrasound of the prostate, analysis of prostatic secretions, sampling of biomaterials for genital infections.
“When I was young I had never heard of prostatitis, but at 34 I had a sudden attack, now I have to maintain remission. It is a pity for the candles prescribed by the doctor, and the composition for me is doubtful, so I use folk remedies: beaver flux (tincture) and bee pollen (bee pollen). Once there was fresh propolis. I chewed it into a small piece every morning. There have been no more attacks so far. The maximum is a slight discomfort about two days after fishing. "
“I control my chronic prostatitis with immunomodulators: injections and suppositories every six months. Also, I try to do Kegel exercises every day (at least 100 contractions once a day). "
Some men need regular sexual intercourse to prevent prostatitis, others need to constantly maintain and strengthen the immune system. If additional measures are needed in the form of drug support for a healthy lifestyle, only a doctor can decide on the basis of a medical history and internal examination. It is not recommended to independently use immunostimulating suppositories for the prevention of prostatitis: with illiterate use, there is a possibility of weakening the defense system of the body.