Description of causes, symptoms, features of the diagnosis and treatment of acute or chronic bacterial prostatitis. Recommendations from urologists who will help you quickly identify the disease and timely contact the clinic for diagnosis and prescription of complex therapy.
Prostatitis is one of the most common urological diseases in men, inflammation of the prostate causes discomfort and can lead to sexual weakness.
According to various estimates, a quarter to a third of the male population after 40 has prostate problems, among young people the statistics are better, but still unsatisfied.
Today we will talk about bacterial prostatitis (BP), we will consider the causes of its occurrence, symptoms and features of diagnosis and treatment.
Causes of occurrence
The complexity of PD is that it often proceeds in an inconspicuous form and is not detected for a long time, which delays the start of treatment.
The main cause of bacterial inflammation of the prostate is infection of the gland, but not only this leads to the disease.
Among the causes of bacterial prostatitis, we point out:
- Sedentary lifestyle.
- Violation of the rhythm in sexual life.
- Chronic constipation.
- Alcohol abuse.
To understand how these causes affect the onset and development of pathology, let's consider their specifics.
Microbes and infections regularly enter the prostate, but this does not always lead to bacterial infections, as the immune system works.
In addition, good blood flow quickly eliminates infections and stimulates local immunity in the gland area, which prevents infections.
Interesting!With a sedentary lifestyle and irregular sexual intercourse, congestion forms in the prostate, which is an additional factor in the onset of the disease.
If you are in a sedentary job, after the age of 40, and even earlier, it is a good idea to go to the gym or do hip exercises at home.
Obesity and chronic constipation also interfere with blood flow in the glandular area. Keep track of your body weight and include high-fiber foods in your diet to prevent constipation.
As for alcohol, it weakens the immune system (with regular abuse), which removes the body's protective barrier and makes it easier for microbes to "take hold" in the prostate.
Remember, bacteriological prostatitis does not arise from scratch, very often the disease appears in those who do not monitor their health.
Symptoms of the disease
Like any other disease, PD has its own symptoms, the severity of which varies with the stage of the disease and the characteristics of the patient's body.
Very often a person with prostate inflammation is worried about:
- Frequent urination.
- Painful sensations when going to the bathroom.
- Heaviness in the groin area.
- Decreased sexual desire, up to erection problems.
The most pronounced symptoms occur when acute Parkinson's disease develops, if treatment is not started, the disease becomes chronic and the severity of symptoms is alleviated.
There is no need to rejoice here, as chronic inflammation is more difficult to treat and therapy takes longer.
Important!If you have the first symptoms of prostatitis, then this is a reason to go to the urologist and get diagnosed, because a quick start of treatment increases the chances of success.
The bacteria that cause prostatitis are microplasma, chlamydia and other microbes that can enter the prostate through urine or through the bloodstream from the primary infected organ.
In the acute form, the patient may also have an increase in temperature of up to 40 degrees, as well as the appearance of fever. Pain in the groin can be acute, purulent discharge appears from the urethra, and the urge to use the toilet is very frequent.
Acute bacterial prostatitis in men cannot go unnoticed, this is its advantage, as the patient immediately goes to the urologist.
In the acute form, there is a strong burning sensation when visiting the bathroom and general irritability and fatigue occur.
If therapy is not started in time, PD can lead to complications:
- An abscess in the body of the prostate.
- Scar changes in the prostate gland.
An abscess, in turn, can lead to rupture of the prostate and severe intoxication of the body, and with vesiculitis, pus appears in the sperm and a man's reproductive function can end.
Colliculitis is no less dangerous, in which a severe pain syndrome develops during sex, which can lead to psychological trauma and impotence.
Scar changes lead to infertility as they reduce sperm motility and quality. In addition, narrowing of the urethra with scarring makes it difficult to urinate and leads to bladder obstruction, which may be the reason for the surgeon's intervention.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis is primary or secondary. In the first case it develops immediately without an acute phase, in the second it occurs as an advanced form of acute inflammation of the prostate.
The symptoms of the chronic phase are more blurred, but they also cause discomfort to the patient:
- Difficulty urinating.
- The urge to use the bathroom is increasing.
- Erectile function is impaired.
- There is a burning sensation and heaviness in the perineal region.
These are the main signs of chronic Parkinson's disease, if the treatment is not started on time (complex therapy), complications are possible in the form:
- Reduced immunity.
The danger of the disease lies precisely in the less pronounced symptoms, which sometimes men simply do not pay attention to.
If it is impossible not to notice the acute phase, the chronic inflammatory process is often ignored and the treatment is therefore long and not always effective.
Diagnosis of inflammation
When the first signs of prostatitis appear, you need to go to a doctor who will prescribe a number of diagnostic measures. They will allow to determine the presence of inflammation and its type, which will help in the effective treatment of the disease.
Full diagnostics includes:
- Digital examination of the prostate gland.
- Analysis of prostatic secretion.
- Take a smear for sexually transmitted diseases.
- Ultrasound of the gland.
Your doctor may also request a spermogram and biopsy to rule out or confirm the presence of prostate cancer.
Digital examination of the gland is an unpleasant, but important stage of diagnosis, as the patient is simple, has an uneven density and is enlarged.
The analysis of the secretion will determine the infectious or non-infectious form of the disease, and the ultrasound will help the doctor to see the contours of the gland: if they are blurred, this is an obvious confirmation of prostatitis.
After the diagnosis, the urologist decides the patient's treatment, taking into account:
- Type of prostatitis.
- The form of the disease.
- The age of the patient.
- Individual characteristics of the patient.
- The presence of concomitant diseases.
An accurate diagnosis allows you to choose the optimal treatment regimen, and the therapy shows the maximum effect. The more stages the diagnosis requires, the more accurate the diagnosis and the easier it will be to prescribe complex therapy.
Treatment of inflammation of the prostate
Therapy for acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis is different, as it requires different dosages of drugs and differs in the duration of treatment.
Interesting!At the initial stage, it is important to eliminate the unpleasant symptoms for the patient in order to improve the quality of life, after which the doctor's task is to completely get rid of the disease, regardless of its form.
Therapy of acute prostatitis
In the treatment of acute prostatitis, etiotropic therapy is mandatory; in the case of bacterial disease one cannot do without taking antibiotics and antimicrobial agents.
In addition, the following are assigned:
- Vitamins with trace elements.
PD drugs are selected individually, depending on the primary infection and the course of the disease.
Important!Antibiotics and antibacterial agents fight germs, while vitamins and immunostimulants help boost immunity.
Massage during the pre-acute phase accelerates the excretion of prostatic secretions and normalizes the blood flow in the gland.
In case of an acute course of the disease, massage cannot be prescribed, and physiotherapeutic procedures, for example, laser and electrophoresis, are not recommended at this stage.
They are a mandatory phase of treatment, but are not recommended in the acute phase of PD.
Therapy of chronic prostatitis
Treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis requires longer therapy and a wider range of procedures. An increase in the dosage of drugs is often required.
Added to previous treatment steps:
- Reception of phytopreparations.
- A complete range of physiotherapy.
- Do special exercises.
- Consultation with a psychologist.
With a decrease in potency, larger doses of vitamins and stimulants can be prescribed, since treatment requires regular sexual activity.
As for the exercises, they are selected based on age, the course of the disease and the individual characteristics of the organism. In addition, the doctor takes into account the presence of collateral diseases.
From the article you learned how to determine bacterial prostatitis, so you just need to carefully monitor your health and consult a doctor when the first signs of the disease appear.
The sooner the therapy begins, the shorter the treatment process will be and the sooner the man will return to a full life.