Common Prostatitis Symptoms and Treatment Options

causes of prostatitis in men

This insidious disease is one of the most common ailments in the male half of humanity. Many turn a blind eye to the emerging malaise and wait for the inevitable development of all kinds of consequences that make normal life impossible. We will tell you about the symptoms of prostatitis in men and its treatment.

Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland which, according to statistics, affects a huge number of men of any age. Already at the age of thirty, one in three suffers from this disease, over the years the number of patients is inexorably increasing, and almost all those who have changed sixty years are faced with one form or another of the disorder. And these are only official figures, but in reality the incidence rate is much higher, but due to men's reluctance to go to doctors, doctors simply cannot provide exact numbers.

From early childhood, boys are taught that a real man should be persistent, endure pain, and pay no attention to ailments. And it's not about running to the doctor at the slightest discomfort. This rule is strictly followed by the majority of adult men who talk about their problems to doctors in the most extreme cases, and sometimes even in an ambulance or hospital.

Unfortunately, this also applies to prostatitis. The first alarming "bells" such as the frequent need to go to the toilet, sometimes mild pain and discomfort when urinating, some problems with libido and potency, are explained by anything: a hard day at work, a scandal withthe boss, a party too stormy the day before.

And the main thing - there is nothing to think about, everything will pass by itself. There is a logic in this: the first signs of prostatitis in men are expressed slightly, they cause the patient a minimum of discomfort and soon disappear. Only one thing is not taken into account: the painful symptoms have passed, but the disease itself has not disappeared anywhere. It simply turns into a chronic form, which for a long time does not manifest itself in any way, and therefore, under the influence of negative factors, it aggravates and causes much more suffering.

Even if it seems to you that emerging health problems aren't worth a shit and will soon disappear without treatment, know that they can be harbingers of serious illness. Be sure to consult a doctor, go through the necessary examination and examinations. Remember that any disease is easier and faster to cure if you do it urgently.

Causes of the disease

Prostatitis can be caused by a wide variety of factors, which often have nothing to do with the reproductive system. This is one of the most insidious properties of the disease.

We list the reasons that most often lead to inflammation of the gland:

  • Pathogenic microorganisms are a major cause of the disease. Initially, a person can get sick with any infectious disease: from infectious inflammation of the urinary tract, to sexually transmitted diseases and ending with tonsillitis, sinusitis, bronchitis or hemorrhoids, which in this case are unexpected. Even untreated dental caries can cause prostate problems in the future. From the most distant parts of the body from the prostate gland, pathogens enter it with the flow of blood, lymph and other biological fluids. To this should be added the weakened immune system in almost everyone, because with normal immunity, a common cold is unlikely to lead to inflammation of one of the organs of the reproductive system.
  • Circulatory disorders in the small pelvis - this reason rightfully ranks second on the list. Stagnation of blood, disruption of normal blood supply and, as a result, hypoxia of organs occurs due to physical inactivity, constant sitting at work and at home. This leads to a significant increase in the size of the prostate. Similar changes are observed in overweight people.
  • Frequent tremors and tension of the muscles of the perineum - people of some professions are prone to this, for example, drivers.
  • Hormonal imbalance - occurs in many diseases and has a very negative effect on prostate health.
  • Hypothermia.
  • Frequent constipation.

To reduce the probability of disease, it is necessary to monitor the regularity of sex. Don't forget that both prolonged abstinence and excessively frequent intimate contact have a negative impact.

What forms of the disease are isolated

symptoms of prostatitis in men
  • Bacterial prostatitis- caused by pathogenic bacteria. It can be acute (more common in young people) and chronic. Recent studies have shown that, as a rule, the infection affects already pathologically altered tissues of the gland, with severe circulatory disorders.
  • Non-bacterial or non-bacterial prostatitis- although laboratory tests do not show the presence of pathogenic microorganisms in the diseased organ, their participation in the process cannot be completely excluded.
  • Prostatodynia- all symptoms of prostatitis are present, but inflammation of the gland is not detected.

How prostatitis manifests itself

To detect the disease in time, it is necessary to know what the symptoms of prostatitis in men are. The most characteristic features are the acute form of the disease.

  • Weakness and general malaise.
  • Chills and fever.
  • Increased body temperature.
  • Headache.
  • Severe pain in the perineum and groin area, which further worsens during urination and defecation.
  • The need to go to the toilet often and immediately after urinating the patient feels the need again, as the bladder has not been completely emptied.
  • Serious conditions requiring urgent medical attention are expressed in acute urinary retention.
  • Nervous tension, irritability.

Symptoms of chronic prostatitis

In its chronic form, the disease can be asymptomatic for many years, and its symptoms can be easily confused with manifestations of other diseases.

Let's see how this disorder manifests itself:

  • Pulling pelvic and lumbar pain- pain comes from the perineum, felt in the lower abdomen, urethra, testicles. Additionally, the patient experiences lower back pain radiating to the leg, which can often be mistaken for sciatica or other neuralgia. The pain may be concentrated in one place or it may seem like it hurts all together.
  • manifestations of prostatitis in men
  • Difficulty and frequent urination: Pain usually occurs when the patient starts or stops urinating. At the same time, it is impossible to resist and hold urine: despite the fact that the man recently went to the toilet, the sensations are as if the bladder is full to the maximum. When urinating in a weak stream, very little urine is released.
  • Decreased sexual activity- a long-lasting inflammatory process, circulatory disturbances, pathological changes in the prostate tissue cannot be wasted and ultimately lead to a noticeable decrease in libido and potency. This is because the nerves pass through the gland, which transmits impulses to the centers in the brain responsible for erection. One of the consequences of the disease is damage to these nerves, a decrease in their sensitivity and the development of disorders in the intimate sphere. At first, the erection does not lose its strength, but at the same time there is premature ejaculation, so the erection itself becomes much weaker and the orgasm becomes slow. Testosterone synthesis is gradually inhibited and sexual desire is catastrophically reduced. In some cases, during ejaculation, a man experiences severe pain in the head of the penis.
  • Scarring of the prostate tissue and reduction of organ size.In advanced cases, this process spreads to the urinary tract and bladder, causing severe urinary disturbances. All this leads to the development of kidney dysfunction, the development of urolithiasis and other serious conditions.

Treatment of various forms of disease

We have seen the most common symptoms of prostate inflammation in men, now let's take a look at ways to cure this disease.

methods of treatment of prostatitis in men

Despite the fact that there are many studies dedicated to the treatment of prostatitis, to date the general scheme of therapy is not known. Treatment may differ in each case, but there is no doubt that it is of great importance to correctly determine the cause of the disease and start therapy in the early stages of the development of the pathology.

In acute prostatitis of bacterial genesis, the patient must be hospitalized, receive antibiotic therapy, prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics, drugs that normalize blood circulation.

The chronic form of the disease is very difficult to treat and is usually not completely cured. With successful treatment, a long period of remission is achieved, during which the signs of prostatitis in men and its symptoms do not appear.

The complex of therapeutic procedures is selected individually for each patient. The patient is prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs that improve blood circulation in the prostate, immunomodulating drugs, vitamins. In addition, a man must undergo a course of physiotherapy, prostate massage and regularly perform physical exercises aimed at maintaining the health of the prostate gland.