The inflammation of the prostate gland, unfortunately, is quite common of the disease. According to statistics, nearly half of the men or other age are facing this problem. The causes of inflammation may be different, but because in the modern medicine to distinguish between several different types of this disease. One of them is prostatitis bacterial.
Because of the great spread of the disease, many men are interested in more information on this topic. What are the causes of bacterial inflammation? What are the symptoms of needing attention? What are the modern methods of treatment are most effective?
What is prostatitis? The main forms of the disease
Before examining the question of what is prostatitis bacterial, the trouble of dismantle, that represents the prostate gland, or prostate. It is a small organ which is part of the reproductive system. It is located just below the bladder, around the urethra. The prostate produces up to 70 percent of the seminal fluid, which is then mixed with the seed, which is produced in the testes. Also the prostate gland plays a role in the process of ejection of semen and maintains the erection. In addition, it affects the retention of urine.
Prostatitis is a disease, which is accompanied by an inflammatory process in the tissues of the prostate. Depending on the cause of the development in modern medicine, we can distinguish a few main types of disease:
- prostatitis acute bacterial is an inflammation in this case, develops on the background of infection of the organ specific bacteria (e.g., chlamydia, gonococci, etc);
- the chronic form of prostatitis bacterial, usually, develops on the background of the reversal of the therapy or its absence (illness lasts more than three months, the period of well-being is replaced by the aggravations of inflammatory process);
- prostatitis — the inflammatory process with this disease, due to the conditional activation of the microflora, pathogenic or not linked to a bacterial infection
- inflammatory prostatitis asymptomatic occurs without clear symptoms and quite often, the inflammatory process subsides of itself.
The causes of prostatitis bacterial
As its name indicates, the inflammatory process in this case related to the bacterial activity of micro-organisms. The activators of prostatitis bacterial quite often penetrate into the tissue of the prostate in a patient who has sexually transmitted infections. Virtually all sexually transmitted diseases (e.g. gonorrhea, chlamydia), can lead to inflammation of the prostate.
Middle-aged men as a pathogen can act, and opportunistic pathogens, e.g. escherichia coli. A bit of a different picture observed in the older patients. The fact that many men over the age of 50 are diagnosed also called benign prostatic hyperplasia (accompanied by the proliferation of tissue). In such a pathology of the evacuation of fluid secretion of the prostate is difficult, after which it begins to accumulate within the gland. The stagnation of secretions leads to participate in the multiplication of pathogens and, consequently, inflammation.
Also prostatitis is a bacterial may develop on the background of various pathologies of the urinary system. For example, inflammation are much more often diagnosed at the bottom of the obstruction of the bladder, a urinary tract infection, epididymitis, urethritis. The diffusion and penetration of infection inside contributes to phimosis (extender extremely flesh). Cause inflammation of the prostate can various injuries of the perineum, the installation of the urinary catheter, previously performed a cystoscopy (inspection of bladder) or a biopsy.
Are there risk factors?
As you can see, the causes of the inflammation of the prostate may be different. In addition, there is a group of so-called risk factors, whose presence increases the likelihood of developing acute and chronic prostatitis:
- frequent infectious diseases of the genito-urinary system;
- the parasitic diseases;
- incomplete emptying of the bladder;
- a genetic predisposition;
- irritation urinary canal fluids aggressive chemical;
- strong cooling;
- disorder of the sexual life (frequent change of partners and contacts, without the use of a condom);
- smoking, consumption of drugs and alcohol (weakens the body's defenses);
- the decrease in immunity;
- long periods of sexual abstinence;
- a strong dehydration of the body;
- bad nutrition;
- neurological disease of the urinary tract;
- the constant stress, nervous exhaustion, emotional surges;
- a sedentary lifestyle, which leads to a stagnation of the blood in the basin, and increases the likelihood of inflammation of not only the prostate, but some other nearby organs).
What symptoms accompanied the disease?
The signs of prostatitis, a bacterial is usually quite characteristic. The disease begins acutely and develops rapidly. Often, patients are first to celebrate an increase in body temperature, weakness, aching in the body, fatigue, muscle pain, nausea, and vomiting.
At the same time appear problems with the functioning of the urinary system. The process of urination becomes difficult and painful, urination more frequent. However the bladder is not completely emptied. The jet during urination becomes weak, it is the same, the urine becomes a rather unpleasant smell. It can be a little impurities of the blood. May be the onset of pain and burning in the urethra.
Patients note often other symptoms of prostatitis bacterial. In particular, there is a pain in the pubic area, which also makes in the lower part of the back. Can occur pain in the testicles, and the area of the perineum. In men, there are problems with erection, ejaculation is accompanied by painful sensations. Sometimes, in the semen, you may notice traces of blood. Also the pain are present during defecation.
Having noticed in him of these symptoms, you should immediately consult a physician. Earlier, the patient will receive quality medical care, the higher the probability of transition from a chronic disease.
Prostatitis chronic bacterial
Immediately it should be noted that this form of the disease is quite rare. Chronic prostatitis is a bacterial can be linked to the activity of bacteria, which are protected against the effects of the drugs, so that lie deep within the tissues of the prostate. In addition, some micro-organisms become unresponsive to broad-spectrum antibiotics of the impact.
The exacerbation of the chronic prostatitis bacterial is accompanied by almost the same symptoms as the acute form of the disease. There is pain during urination, pain in the abdomen and the perineum, the presence of blood in the urine and the semen. On the other hand, the fever and other symptoms of poisoning are rare. The aggravation gives way to a period of relative prosperity — a man feels well, but some irregularities in the functioning of the urinary system, there are. In particular, patients suffer from a variety of recommend to urinate. Also erection problems (sometimes up to a serious of erectile dysfunction (ed) and decreased libido.
The diagnosis of the disease
For a start, the doctor will perform a clinical examination and gathering the story, in order to obtain a complete picture of the symptoms that disturb the patient. Usually, this is enough to suspect prostatitis and assign additional analyses.
The patient submits samples of blood and urine, the analysis of which allows to detect markers of inflammation. Also, you need the digital rectal examination of the prostate, which gives, perhaps, the doctor to determine the dimensions, the contours, the consistency of the authority, the degree of pain and a few other parameters. Apart from that during a prostate massage, you can get samples of his secret, which are then sent to the laboratory for analysis. The sowing of samples makes it possible to define a variant of the infection and its degree of sensitivity to certain drugs.
The continuation of the examination is only performed in case of suspicion of the presence of complications. With the aid of the cystoscopy the doctor can examine and assess the condition of the urinary canal and bladder. Sometimes, in addition there urodinamicheskie the tests. The study transrectal ultrasound and computed tomography allows to better study the state of the prostate, to detect the presence of abscesses or stones. In case of suspicion of malignancy, the degeneration of the cells is performed a biopsy of the prostate.
The treatment of prostatitis
After a complete inspection the doctor may make a maximum of a scheme for effective therapy. Generally, in the first place the treatment is prescribed for prostatitis bacterial to antibiotics. In particular, effective enough antibacterial of funds are considered as drugs containing tetracycline and ciprofloxacin. Depending on the degree of severity of the disease and of varieties of infections of the antibiotic treatment may last from four to six weeks. Sometimes, in the early days, the drugs administered by the intravenous route, and then go to the tablet form. When the chronic form of the inflammation, the treatment can last up to 12 weeks.
Used with other medicines for the treatment of prostatitis. In particular, facilitate the patient's condition may antispasmodic drugs, which promote relaxation of the bladder neck and reduce the pain during urination.
If necessary, the patient is prescribed analgesics, and it is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that help to remove the fever. Positively on the state of men incidence receive a multivitamin complex, immunomodulators, bio-stimulators.
Other methods of treatment
On the stage, the patient is often recommended to perform a prostate massage. This procedure allows to eliminate the stagnation of fluid, improve service, improve local immunity, restore drainage function of the prostate, as well as increase the inflow of blood.
Also in the process of treatment can be used different methods of physiotherapy, in particular:
- magnet therapy;
- transrectal ultrasound therapy;
- the electrostimulation.
All these methods help to normalize the blood circulation and the elimination of the process of stagnation.
When the need for a surgical intervention?
A quick intervention is an extreme measure. It applies only in the case of long-term drug therapy and other treatments do not give any effect. The surgical procedure of partial resection of the prostate takes place, generally, older patients. At a young age if radical treatment try to avoid it because it is sometimes leads to impotence and infertility. The operation is most often prescribed in elderly patients in the chronic forms of prostatitis, as they have numerous years of suffering from problems to urinate and permanent pain. If applicable, carried out the correction, which allows you to recover special pathways, normalize the work of the bladder.
Alternative methods of treatment of the disease
Of course, there are other, less traditional methods of treatment of prostatitis. For example, sometimes, a good effect of producing a medicinal microclystères, treatment with leeches, acupuncture, massage.
Patients with forms of the disease recommend treatment of the sanatorium. Also positively on the state of the organization impact the special exercise, which will help restore blood circulation and eliminate the stasis of blood in the pelvic organs.
How to treat prostatitis bacterial the help of the people? We know today a multitude of tools to solve an inflammatory process. In particular, the positive effect on the state of the pelvic organs sometimes influential hot sitz bath from a decoction of yarrow, horsetail, sage. Also prepare the menus for the suppositories of the products of beekeeping and herbal medicine.
In all cases, it should be remembered that prior to the application of any tool necessarily need to consult a doctor.
What are the forecasts for the patients?
Allows to know if the treatment of prostatitis in men get good results? Immediately it should be said that the success of the treatment depends on many factors, including the stage and the form of the disease, age of patients, presence of comorbidities, etc
Prostatitis acute bacterial lends itself well to medical treatment. Already a few days later, after the beginning of the therapy, the patient can note the improvement of the health. On the other hand, ill-treatment, the absence or stopping (for example, very often, men stop taking medication when symptoms disappear, ending at the full rate) can lead to the development of a chronic form of the disease.
Chronic prostatitis is a disease that is much more difficult to treat. Relapse can occur again and again. And in such cases, doctors often recommend patients to a surgical intervention. The results of the surgical treatment is generally positive. Again sometimes, the surgery is not too pleasant consequences.