Is prostatitis treated? Methods of treatment and prognosis

Faced with inflammation of the prostate gland, every man sooner or later asks himself whether prostatitis can be cured. To assess the possibilities of a complete restoration of organ function, it is necessary to accurately understand the mechanism of the development of the disease.

Prognosis for acute prostatitis

Treatment of prostatitis depends, first of all, on the type of disease. By the nature of the course, acute and chronic prostatitis are noted. Due to the development, the disease is infectious and non-infectious.

The most favorable prognosis for complete restoration of prostate function is in acute inflammation. Interestingly, this type of disease is diagnosed in men of any age group, while chronic congestive prostatitis is a disease of older men. Acute inflammation of the prostate sometimes develops in children, against the background of infectious diseases of the urinary tract.

The cause of acute inflammation is prostate gland infection. The infection usually enters the organ from the bladder or through the bloodstream. The causative agent of the disease can be both opportunistic microorganisms (E. coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and sexually transmitted pathogens (chlamydia, ureaplasma).

Bacterial prostatitis is treatable if the disease is diagnosed early. Treatment is carried out with antibacterial drugs. The drug is selected taking into account the causative agent of inflammation. As a rule, drugs from the penicillin or tetracycline group, fluoroquinolones, are used. In addition, a number of agents are prescribed for symptomatic therapy: anti-inflammatory drugs, antispasmodics, alpha-blockers for prostatitis, immunostimulants. Perhaps the appointment of a physiotherapy course after the removal of acute inflammation.

Acute prostatitis is treated within a few weeks; the course of treatment rarely exceeds two months. Then the patient is prescribed medicinal preparations with a herbal composition to normalize the function of the prostate gland, which should be used for a long course. As a rule, timely detected acute infectious prostatitis is successfully treated and does not cause complications such as impotence or infertility.

This form of the disease can be suspected by the rapidly growing symptoms. The characteristic signs of prostatitis are pain when urinating, incomplete emptying of the bladder, cramps in the perineum and lower abdomen.

Prognosis for chronic prostatitis

You need to see a doctor to find out if chronic prostatitis is being treated. As a rule, this form of the disease develops due to incorrect therapy for acute inflammation of the prostate gland or against the background of metabolic disorders in the pelvic organs.

The treatment of this type of disease depends on the following factors:

  • the patient's age;
  • stage of the disease;
  • severity of symptoms.

With age, there is an increase in the size of the prostate gland. This is due to the body's natural aging process and changes in men's hormone levels. The older the patient, the more difficult it is to cure the disease.

Chronic prostatitis develops due to impaired circulation and lymphatic drainage in the pelvic organs. In most cases, it is diagnosed in obese men with a sedentary lifestyle.

Symptoms of this type of prostatitis are manifested by decreased urination, weakening of the erection and pain. The prostate gland swells, there is a thickening of the secretion of the organ, which can cause the development of infertility in humans due to a change in the composition of the seminal fluid.

Whether prostatitis can be completely cured depends on how long the disease is diagnosed. The chronic form of inflammation develops slowly, it can take up to 7 years from the onset of microcirculation in the organ to the development of inflammation. At the initial stage, prostatitis is successfully treated by normalizing the trophism of the organ. For this, the patient is prescribed a number of drugs and physiotherapeutic methods aimed at normalizing the tone of the vessels and muscles of the pelvic organs.

In the later stages of congestive prostatitis, irreversible changes occur in the organ. Long-term use of drug therapy becomes ineffective, so the only way to get rid of the disease is surgery. In this case, both partial and complete removal of the organ is performed (prostatectomy).

Methods of treatment of chronic prostatitis

Treatment of chronic prostatitis in men depends on when the man went to the doctor. At the initial stage of the violation of the trophism of the organ, drug therapy is used. For the treatment are used:

  • prostate protectors;
  • drugs to improve blood microcirculation;
  • alpha blockers;
  • immunostimulants.
medicines to treat prostatitis

To relieve inflammation, patients are shown taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The course of treatment rarely exceeds 10 days. Then therapy continues with herbal preparations, the action of which is aimed at improving blood microcirculation in the inflamed organ. Since the disease is accompanied by a violation of urination, drugs from the group of alpha-blockers are used. Their action is aimed at relaxing the muscles of the walls of the bladder and the prostate gland. The drug acts directly on the receptors that regulate muscle tone. This reduces the pressure of the prostate on the surrounding tissue and normalizes the outflow of urine by relaxing the bladder.

Chronic prostatitis is treated with immunostimulants. After removing inflammation and reducing edema, it is important to prevent the development of an exacerbation of the disease, which is often observed with minimal hypothermia or a decline in immunity.

Physiotherapy - treatment with electric current, magnetic field, ultrasound allows you to restore blood circulation and metabolic processes in the cells of the organ. As a rule, with the timely detection of congestive prostatitis, a properly developed drug and physiotherapeutic treatment regimen minimizes the risk of disease progression in the future.

Radical treatment

Having understood whether prostatitis is treatable or not, it is important to understand that in some cases the drugs will have to be taken for many years. Over time, the effectiveness of drug therapy decreases, so the only way to get rid of the disease is surgery. Depending on the severity of the inflammation and edema of the organ, partial removal of the organ or radical prostatectomy is practiced.

The first place among the methods of influencing the prostate is occupied by minimally invasive operations and laser treatment. During this procedure, layer-by-layer burning of small areas of the prostate gland is performed, the tissue of which has changed due to prolonged edema. The operation lasts no more than a few hours, and rehabilitation takes several days. Full recovery will take no more than a month. The advantages of minimally invasive methods are that there are no risks of bleeding and complications. As a rule, such an intervention does not affect reproductive function and erection in any way. Patient feedback allows us to conclude that laser exposure to the prostate gland in prostatitis is the most effective and efficient way to treat chronic prostatitis.

surgery for prostatitis

Helpful tips

Prostatitis imposes a number of restrictions on the patient's life. Accelerating the restoration of the prostate gland will help:

  • balanced diet;
  • rejection of bad habits;
  • regular sex;
  • moderate physical activity.

To get rid of the disease, an integrated approach is required. In addition to drug treatment, physiotherapy, massage, a set of exercises to normalize blood circulation in the pelvic organs are practiced. In addition, patients are shown a diet, foods useful for men's health are introduced into the diet: citrus, nuts, pumpkin. It is recommended to take flaxseed and pumpkin seed oil as dietary supplements.

Chronic prostatitis requires careful attention to one's health, otherwise any hypothermia or stress can cause an exacerbation. Frequent exacerbations of prostatitis lead to disease progression and impaired function of the prostate gland. In order for the nocturnal urge to urinate to remain in the past and never come back, in addition to taking drugs to relieve inflammation, it is necessary to take immunostimulants. To strengthen the nervous system, taking vitamins of group B, drugs with magnesium, sedatives is indicated.

It is important to remember: any disease can be successfully treated if diagnosed in a timely manner, and prostatitis is no exception. If the patient does not start the disease, follows the recommendations of the doctor and does not self-medicate, you can get rid of prostatitis.