All the diseases existing in the world are classified in a single system, simply called ICD-10. For people far from the world of medicine, information about the location of prostatitis in the ICD-10, for the purpose of creating a pathology encryption system, can be interesting and useful.
What is ICD-10
ICD literally stands for International Classification of Diseases. It includes all the pathologies officially registered to date, divided according to the system in which the organ affected by the disease is included: urogenital, circulatory, nervous, etc.
The author of such a system, William Farr, thus created an international language for doctors around the world. Also, today, pathology encryption is a way to protect a person's personal information from third party interference. For example, in a certificate of work or study, the doctor does not indicate the name of the disease he suffered, but writes a code that will not provide unnecessary information to a person who does not have medical training and a volume of three Manual of the ICD.
The number 10 after the abbreviation indicates that the system has been revised for the tenth time. Reviews occur regularly to ensure that the classification is fully consistent with the results of scientific research.
All diseases have a numerical code: three digits or four digits. Opposite is the letter of the English alphabet, from A to Z, with the exception of U. This letter is used for experiments and scientific work.
Features of the disease
The prostate gland is a small organ located in the small pelvis, between the bladder and the rectum. It plays an important function in the urination and ejaculation process and also produces the main male sex hormone, testosterone and a necessary secret for maintaining fertile function.
With inflammation of the gland, the doctor diagnoses prostatitis, regardless of what has become the provocateur of the process: a virus, a fungus, a bacterium or a protozoan. Inflammation can also cause insufficient blood supply to the pelvic organs. And the correct treatment must take into account the cause of the disease, so that the therapy is etiological and not just eliminates unpleasant symptoms.
Prostatitis according to ICD-10
The disease according to the ICD is indicated by a code, depending on the form of the pathology:
- ICD acute prostatitis is referred to as N41. 0;
- chronic prostatitis ICD is referred to as N41. 1.
The letter N in this case indicates the localization of the problem in the genitourinary system.
In addition, the disease code may include information on the cause of the disease:
- if the bacterial form of inflammation of the organ is provoked by streptococcus or staphylococcus, the code B95 is added to the diagnosis;
- if other bacterial agents are found - B96;
- with viral etiology of prostatitis - B97;
- with another type of infection - B98.
If a person has several unrelated diseases, all of them should be indicated in his medical history. The first on the list is the code of the pathology that was treated in a particular case. If the patient is in the urology department due to recurrent inflammation of the prostate, the ICD-10 code will be indicated. prostatitis.
Causes and symptoms
There is a widespread myth that absolutely every man has an ailment and it is useless to fight it. Indeed, it is possible to get rid of the pathology, it almost always occurs due to the violation of the rule of a healthy lifestyle.
For example, the bacterial form is almost always the result of unprotected sexual intercourse or long-term neglect of the focus of a chronic infection in the body.
The stagnant form occurs in people with a sedentary lifestyle. Regular walks at a calm pace and a minimal amount of exercise can protect a person from delicate ailments.
Symptoms of the disease may differ, but there are almost always three main clinical manifestations, called the prostatic triad:
- problems with urination: pain, urgency at night, feeling of a constantly full bladder;
- problems with potency: erectile dysfunction, lack of orgasm or ejaculation, inability to conceive a child;
- pain in the lower abdomen, which may migrate to the lower back or groin.
In the bacterial form, the clinical picture increases due to an increase in body temperature and concomitant fever of intoxication.
Types and stages
The disease is inflammation of the prostate gland. In about 5% of cases, the catalyst of the pathological process is an infection that enters the organ with blood, lymph, ascending from the urethra or descending from the kidneys. In this case, acute prostatitis is traditionally diagnosed by the ICD, designated as 41. 0.
In other cases, abacterial or congestive prostatitis is detected. The blood supply to the small pelvis is very important for maintaining the health of the male reproductive system.
Violation of blood flow occurs due to:
- heart failure;
- deposits on the walls of the blood vessels of atherosclerotic plaques;
- systemic vascular lesions;
- sedentary lifestyle.
Such a disease develops gradually, so it is almost impossible to notice its acute form, and patients are immediately diagnosed with chronic prostatitis according to the ICD.
Diagnosis and treatment
It is not difficult to diagnose the disease, it usually has vivid clinical manifestations, therefore, already at the stage of collecting an anamnesis, the doctor with a high degree of probability can assume this particular disease.
But the hypothesis can only be confirmed with the help of a comprehensive survey, which includes:
- biochemical and clinical blood test;
- complete urinalysis;
- bacterial examination of prostate secretion;
- transrectal ultrasound;
- palpation examination.
Of all the procedures that allow a patient to detect prostate disease from the ICD, palpation of organs through the anus using the fingers is the fastest and most reliable. This diagnostic method is at the same time one of the best methods of treatment. Prostate massage has been known for many years, and to this day a correctly performed procedure allows you to quickly stop the symptoms and restore the blood supply to the organ.
Treatment for gland inflammation depends on the reasons that caused it. The bacterial form usually requires antibiotics. And the stagnant type is treated with vasodilators, anticoagulants, vitamins.
Symptomatic treatment includes taking antispasmodics, antipyretics and alpha blockers to normalize the urination process.
In addition, traditional medicine and physiotherapy can be used. These methods have controversial results from various studies, so they should only be used in conjunction with the main treatment, which does not cause doubts about its effectiveness.
Possible complications and consequences
With inflammation of the gland, the healing process of the tissues of the organ occurs. That is, cells that perform a certain functional load stop doing their job.
As a result, the patient is faced with:
- violation of the outflow of urine;
- the spread of inflammation to other organs and systems;
- changes in the immune status, the development of allergies and autoimmune processes.
The disruption of the production of the testosterone hormone leads to a change in the balance in the endocrine system and the concentration of the female hormone estrogen in the blood begins to increase. This leads to changes in man's behavior and appearance. Her libido decreases, emotionality increases, the position of the fat layer on the body changes, and the size of the mammary glands can increase.
Most of the consequences of the disease are reversible: even with the removal of the prostate gland, a man can live a full life. However, he will have to take hormone replacement therapy.
Codes of other diseases of the prostate according to ICD
Prostatitis is not the only disease that affects the organ.
In the International Classification of Diseases, pathologies can be found:
- abscess, N41. 2;
- prostatocystitis - N41. 3;
- other pathologies of the organ - N41. 8;
- unspecified pathology - N41. 9;
- organ hyperplasia - N40.
The formation of the gland has a code according to ICD-10 N40, adenoma is also included in this category. In the ICD there is no diagnosis of adenoma, since in fact an adenoma is a benign formation, the growth of which causes an increase in the total volume of the organ, that is, hyperplasia.
To prevent the doctor from entering the prostatitis code ICD-10 in the medical record, it is necessary to carefully follow the rules of prevention:
- having a regular sex life with a habitual partner or using barrier methods of protection;
- eliminate any foci of chronic infection in the body: sexually transmitted diseases, diseases of the ENT organs, caries;
- eat properly;
- maintain an optimal level of engine load;
- do not overcool.
It is important for every health conscious person to visit a doctor regularly for preventive purposes. When the symptoms of the pathology appear, it is important not to start treatment on your own, but to undergo a full medical examination.
- "I was diagnosed with the disease 4 years ago. I saw the ICD prostatitis code in my map, looked for information on the Internet, and decided that incurable diseases were found in me. But in practice, the predictions turned out to be rosier. . The doctor explained to me that it is possible to cure inflammation of the prostate gland. But for this you have to try hard: give up bad habits, start exercising and eat right. And the main thing is to take all the medications prescribed by the doctor and regularly have a prostate massage. Although the therapy takes time, it is worth restoring male strength and getting rid of the constant discomfort in the lower abdomen. "
- "I'm not very well versed in medicine, so I never knew what the ICD-10 code for prostatitis was and what the ICD was in principle. Two years ago I had a hospital visit with my colleagues. And I saw that I had numbers in the alleged diagnosis column. But I didn't attach any importance to that. It turned out that this is how doctors record patients 'diseases. I don't know how to relate to that, because doctors' language should be at least a little more understandable for us patients ".
- "Many patients have a question: why the doctor does not write the name of the disease prostatitis, but the ICD-10 code. The argument to this question is the position that the patient cannot independently understand the alphanumeric code. To this I can answer that the patient does not have to independently study the records of his outpatient card. There are rules according to which the doctor himself is obliged to tell the patient in detail what disease he has been diagnosed with, what treatment will be carried out, what prognosis is expected at moment".
- "The information in the card is needed for reports and statistics, so it is recorded in the form of a digit. Everyone knows that the doctor's handwriting is extremely difficult to distinguish, but after seeing the ICD code xp. Prostatitis, the extra will bring immediately the disease in his system. In addition, the ICD is very convenient for patients who intend to undergo treatment abroad. "