Congestive prostatitis is a disease that occurs against the background of a dysfunction of the prostate gland. The main reason for the development of the disease is stagnation of the prostate. A similar pathology can develop in men of all ages. Recently, cases of detection of this disease in young people have become more frequent.
The occurrence of stagnation in the prostate always indicates the development of an inflammatory process that prevents the full functioning of the male prostate gland. The process of blood outflow becomes difficult and the gland ceases to be completely emptied, as a result of which its secretion stagnates.
Most often this disease develops against the background of chronic prostatitis. Therefore, the patient may not be aware of the presence of stagnant processes in his body for a long time.
Prostate congestion can occur for a variety of reasons. As a rule, this disease is not bacterial and manifests itself due to the influence of the following factors:
- Lack of a constant intimate life. Frequent arousal without subsequent ejaculation, erratic sexual contacts, incomplete ejaculation, frequent sex after prolonged abstinence can lead to the appearance of stagnant processes.
- Anatomical features. If a person has insufficiency of the venous valves or weakness of the vein walls of the urogenital plexus.
- Injuries to the spine and diseases such as herniated disc or osteochondrosis. With physical damage to the spine, prolonged spasm of the vessels of the prostate gland can occur.
- Frequent hypothermia of the body, work in a room with active air conditioning, the presence of drafts and so on.
- Bad habits: smoking, alcohol abuse. As a result, the patient may experience paralysis of the small vessels of the genitourinary system.
- Chronic increase in temperature in the pelvic organs. This phenomenon can also be attributed to anatomical features.
- Frequent colitis and diarrhea.
- Eating problems, dehydration.
According to most experts, the main cause of stagnation lies in the varicose veins of the lower limbs. In this case, there is a violation of the blood circulation of the pelvic organs, as a result of which the prostate begins to fill with blood.
Often the cause of the disease can be an inflammatory process localized in the pelvic organs or in the rectum. Also, the disease can be caused by hormonal disorders.
Various acute or chronic infections can also provoke stagnant processes in the prostate. The penetration of infection into the prostate gland occurs through the urethra. Also, infection is possible through the rectum, through blood or lymphatic vessels.
Who is at risk
Constant sedentary work is a direct route to stagnant prostatitis.
Despite the fact that this disease develops suddenly, it can be prevented if the provoking factors are excluded from everyday life. At risk of developing stagnant processes in the prostate are:
- People with a sedentary lifestyle. First of all, we are talking about those people who work seated.
- Patients suffering from frequent constipation.
- People who eat irregularly and neglect healthy and nutritious foods.
- Smokers and people with severe alcohol addiction.
In most cases, this disease is characterized by an asymptomatic course and therefore it is almost impossible to determine its presence at home. The first sign of ailment is the presence of pain in the perineal region. It usually gets worse with walking. However, the disease has some symptoms, which should be discussed in more detail.
The main symptoms of congestive prostatitis are:
- Decreased sexual potency and desire. Deterioration of erection.
- Decrease in the amount of sperm, decrease in its consistency.
- Frequent premature ejaculation.
- Decreased quality of orgasm.
- A constant burning sensation in the urethra and bladder.
- Problems with urination, which is intermittent and painful.
- There are aching pains in the groin that extend to the sacrum or inner thigh.
- There is constant burning and discomfort in the bladder and urethra.
Nonspecific symptoms of congestive prostatitis include general weakness, decreased performance, sleep disturbances, and general irritability.
At present, prostate congestion can be observed with the following types of prostatitis:
- Chronic.As a rule, it develops in the absence of a regular sex life or its replacement by masturbation. Obesity, relationship breakdown, stress, poor blood supply, a sedentary lifestyle - all these factors ultimately lead to the development of chronic prostatitis. In chronic prostatitis, the ejaculate is usually secreted in the form of clots. Prostate massage or intercourse can improve the patient's condition, but the effect will be short-lived.
- Venous.It appears in the presence of pathologies of the venous system. If a patient has varicose veins, due to which an accumulation of venous blood occurs in the venous system of the small pelvis, stagnant processes can also be localized in the prostate gland. The consequence of this is prostatitis.
- Congestive.It occurs as a result of incomplete emptying of parts of the prostate gland, as a result of which it is constantly in a state of overflow of blood, which contributes to the development of inflammation. Most often, this form of prostatitis is observed in middle-aged men.
- Infectious.In this case, the cause of the disease is an infection that enters the prostate gland through the genitourinary system. If this happens against the background of the course of cognitive prostatitis, the inflammatory process intensifies and the general condition of the patient worsens.
Prostate ultrasound scan will help to accurately determine the picture of the disease.
Diagnostic measures must necessarily include palpation of the prostate, as well as examination of the posterior urethra. This is the basis for the diagnosis of prostatitis, allowing the specialist to determine whether the sensitivity is low or high. Furthermore, the presence of a disorder is evidenced by the release of a poor aseptic secretion.
Also, if the doctor suspects the development of the disease, the patient is sent for a rheography of the prostate. This procedure is well tolerated by patients, taking about fifteen minutes on average. According to the results of rheography, it is possible to identify violations of the venous outflow, to obtain basic information about the state of the vessels: their elasticity and integrity.
If blood flow to the gland tissues is difficult, this indicates the presence of degenerative changes.
To confirm the diagnosis and obtain further information, the following procedures apply:
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
- Prostatic ultrasound scan.
You can't do without laboratory diagnostic methods, which involve passing the following tests:
- Urine test.Includes general urinalysis, triple study and microflora culture. In the course of these analyzes, pathogenic microflora, including chlamydia, are most often not detected.
- Blood test.We are talking about thromboelastography and coagulogram.
- Analysis of ejaculate and prostate secretions.Very often, with congestive prostatitis, leukocytosis is not detected. However, the sample contains images of columnar and squamous epithelium.
Differences between congestive and infectious prostatitis
The disease is accompanied by frequent depression in men.
In the diagnostic phase, it is very important to distinguish a stagnant process from an infectious one. Otherwise, the treatment will be chosen incorrectly, which can lead to some complications. Therefore, the specialist should pay attention to the following symptoms:
- Problems with urination - usually, the patient has frequent urination in the morning. Moreover, his condition improves.
- Aching and burning pains in the perineum, testicles.
- Fever with severe general fatigue.
- Depression and general anxiety.
- Erection problems and weak orgasms. Usually, the quality of the ejaculate deteriorates in patients, which can be found in further studies.
Initially, the doctor conducts palpation studies, during which they reveal some changes in the prostate. We can talk about the following features:
- the organ is enlarged;
- the contours of the prostate gland are vague;
- changed consistency;
- higher sensitivity;
- we note the smoothness of the contours of the median sulcus.
Important!In the presence of the above symptoms, the patient shows no signs of infection during laboratory tests.
The secret of the prostate is characterized by a thick consistency, which stands out in the form of lumps and clots. Similar changes are observed following prostate massage. In some cases, the patient himself may notice the presence of lumps in the semen during ejaculation. This indicates the development of a stagnant process.
Treatment for the disease includes quitting smoking completely.
Treatment of congestive prostatitis is determined by the degree of its manifestation. Based on the results of a thorough diagnosis, the specialist determines the course of further treatment. As a rule, it assumes an integrated approach and consists of the following procedures:
- Pharmacological therapy.When treating stagnant processes in the prostate, the patient must take anti-inflammatory drugs. The doctor may also prescribe other medications to your patient.
- Pain relieversmay be prescribed for pain. They are usually taken with blood thinners.
- Power mode.When stagnant prostatitis is detected, the patient follows a strict diet that involves limited consumption of spicy and fatty foods. The key to a speedy recovery is a balanced diet, when the patient's daily diet contains a large amount of fruits, vegetables, fermented milk products and oils.
- Sexual mode.It is very important that the patient not only observe sexual hygiene, but also improve his intimate life. Regular sexual intercourse will normalize the functioning of the prostate gland and exclude the development of stagnant processes in the future.
- Giving up bad habits.Many experts have no idea how congestive prostatitis can be cured with smoking or alcohol abuse. It is very important that the patient completely stops smoking and drinking alcohol, which can cause the development of congestion. It is equally important to minimize negative factors such as hypothermia, physical overload, physical inactivity, and so on.
- Physical activity.Most specialists prescribe special physiotherapy exercises for their patients. Such exercises are usually aimed at strengthening the abdominal muscles, improving breathing and toning the pelvic floor muscles.
- Vitamin therapy.This is a very important step in the treatment of congestive prostatitis. The patient's body must receive the full range of nutrients. For this purpose, vitamin complexes are most often prescribed to patients with congestive prostatitis.
If the cause of the development of congestive prostatitis in a man is valvular insufficiency of the veins of the lower extremities, then he is subject to surgery.
In this case, the basis of preventive measures is activity. In addition, it should manifest itself in both movement and sex. Experts say that to prevent stagnation, the prostate gland must function regularly. Only ejaculation can provide this.
Moderate exercise, frequent walks and a normal diet will help prevent the development of this disease.