Inflammatory diseases of the prostate gland affect about 60% of men. Such a widespread occurrence of prostatitis is explained by a large number of factors that can cause it. The reasons can be infectious lesions, impaired immune defense, hypothermia of the tissues or impaired blood circulation in the glandular area, lack of regular sexual intercourse.
The urgency of the problem has contributed to the emergence of many types of drugs on the market. Despite the wide range of drugs, it is highly undesirable to start treatment on your own. The urologist will help determine what caused the inflammation in a particular case.
Types of medicines for the treatment of prostatitis
An integrated approach is used to achieve a fast and high-quality result in drug therapy of prostatitis. The following groups of medicines are used:
- Antibiotics.They are used in the presence of a laboratory confirmed bacterial pathogen. The type of antibacterial agent used depends on the sensitivity of the microbe. In most cases these are fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines or penicillins.
- Anti-inflammatory drugsfor prostatitis. Relieves inflammation in the gland, thereby improving blood flow, the outflow of secretions from the gland, and relieving pain.
- Muscle relaxants for skeletal muscles.Relieves tension in the muscles near the gland, which is manifested by a decrease in discomfort and pain.
- Muscle relaxants for smooth muscles.Relieves spasm in the urethra, gland ducts and blood vessels, which improves the outflow of urine, prostatic secretions and relieves pain.
- Alpha-blockersfor prostatitis. Relieves the tone of the smooth muscles of the urethra and bladder neck, which is manifested by an improvement in urine flow and reduces the frequency of relapses of the disease.
- Hormonal drugs.Reduces the development and swelling of glandular tissues.
- Immunostimulants.Designed to increase the body's defenses to fight infections.
- Phytotherapeutic agents.They have combined properties: they reduce swelling of the gland, improve the outflow of urine and increase potency. They are ineffective in monotherapy. Suitable for disease prevention.
Treatment options vary depending on the form of prostatitis.
Depending on the situation, drugs can be administered in the form of tablets, in the form of suppositories, injections, instillations, microenemas.
Good results can be achieved with a combination of drug therapy, physiotherapy and prostate massage. A prerequisite for treating a patient is to correct his lifestyle.
Medicines for the treatment of acute prostatitis
Acute prostatitis occurs due to an infectious cause. Its treatment is based on the use of antibiotics. The requirements for these substances should include activity against this pathogen, good tissue penetration and a minimum number of side effects.
Edema in acute prostatitis causes pain and urinary retention. For these reasons, the appointment of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic drugs is mandatory.
It is worth remembering that an acute inflammatory process is a contraindication to physiotherapy and massage.
Preparations for chronic prostatitis
Chronic prostatitis requires longer treatment than acute prostatitis. A prolonged course of inflammation provokes the proliferation of connective tissue, which will interfere with the penetration of antibacterial agents into the foci of infection.
Therefore, in the treatment of chronic prostatitis, enzymatic preparations are also used. They are prescribed in the form of suppositories.
General immunomodulatory therapy is performed, which includes the appointment of some drugs.
The slowing of blood flow in the gland reduces the speed of metabolic processes and slows down regeneration. To improve microvascular circulation, tablets are prescribed.
All chronic diseases deplete the body's reserves. To replenish the lack of vitamins and trace elements, multivitamin complexes are prescribed.
Some cases of chronic prostatitis require hormone therapy.
Despite the availability of drugs, self-treatment is not recommended. The disease can turn into a chronic form, lead to curvature of the urethra, oncological degeneration of the gland. At the first signs of the disease, you should immediately consult a urologist.