There are several causes of prostatitis in men. Each type of inflammation in the prostate gland is caused by its own factors that negatively affect the male body. Knowing what exactly leads to prostatitis, a person can protect himself from this pathology. To do this, it is enough that he is not exposed to the negative influence of an aggressive environment and that he takes care of his health.
Classification of prostatitis
Before finding out what causes prostatitis, it is necessary to understand the classification of this disease. Experts divide it into several types. They are distinguished from each other by symptoms and causes. If you suspect the development of prostatitis in men who came to the appointment, the urologist will first try to identify a type of pathological process. Inflammation in the prostate gland can be:
- Acute bacterial.It is considered the most dangerous form of diseases of the genitourinary system. Caused by an acute infection that enters the body;
- Chronic bacterial.It has a permanent character. The disease makes itself felt with each exacerbation;
- Abacterial.It is caused by specific causes of prostatitis, which are caused by the absence of damage to the gland by pathogenic microorganisms;
- Asymptomatic.The most difficult to diagnose, as it proceeds without obvious signs of malaise. It is possible to identify the disease only after conducting a study of the genitourinary system.
Each type of prostatitis has its causes.
Each classification has its manifestation. Thanks to them, doctors are able to distinguish between different types of diseases. Correct calculation of the cause of prostatitis helps to determine the form of inflammation.
Acute inflammation of the gland is the easiest to diagnose and treat. It is usually caused by colds and severe hypothermia. The disease is manifested by a high body temperature and fever. With such symptoms, the patient needs to see a doctor.
The acute form of the disease is often accompanied by painful sensations in the perineum, groin, genitals and anus. The severity of the main signs of malaise in men depends on the cause of the prostatitis. Usually, acute inflammation begins after infection of the prostate gland. Unfortunately, its source in most cases is almost impossible to determine. Such a disease must be treated immediately. The longer a man delays with therapy, the greater the chances of prostatitis becoming chronic.
Chronic prostatitis develops due to the fact that a man, for certain reasons, did not have time to cure the acute course of the disease in time. Most often, this is exactly what happens, since few people try to turn to a specialist for help at the first sign of malaise.
In chronic prostatitis, there are many symptoms that cause severe discomfort. Regardless of the cause, the disease manifests itself together with difficulty or frequent urination, pain in the lower abdomen and violation of sexual life. Chronic prostatitis is very persistent. Therefore, with the help of standard therapy, you will definitely not be able to get rid of it.
Prostatitis, which is characterized by a chronic course, helps to identify persistent pain. A sharp decline in the quality of sex life is also an alarming sign. If such signs are detected, it is urgent to consult a specialist. With such a diagnosis, it is impossible to refuse treatment, as this will cause a number of serious health complications.
Bacterial prostatitis is usually caused by congestion of the prostate gland and other pelvic organs. It has almost all the symptoms that characterize the past types of inflammatory diseases.
Causes of bacterial prostatitis
Many men are interested in what causes bacterial prostatitis and why the disease occurs. Its name already indicates the main cause of the pathology. This disorder can be caused by pathogenic microflora, which in various ways enters the genitourinary system and reaches the prostate. There are a number of other factors that cause inflammation. They increase the likelihood of getting sick. The attending physician must determine and familiarize himself with the cause of the pathology in order to choose the most optimal course of treatment for the patient.
Both pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms can cause bacterial prostatitis.
Bacterial prostatitis occurs due to damage to the organs of the genitourinary system by the following pathogens:
- Escherichia coli;
- Pale treponema.
When asking a doctor what causes prostatitis in a man, the patient should get the most accurate answer from him. The specialist will tell you that this form of the disease is often sexually transmitted through unprotected contact, since its causative agent can be microorganisms that provoke the development of venereal pathologies.
Bacterial prostatitis is caused by the following causes and factors:
- Infectious diseases of the genitourinary system, manifesting themselves in an acute or chronic form;
- Genetic predisposition;
- Promiscuous sex life;
- Prolonged abstinence from sex;
- Unprotected intimate relationships;
- Sedentary lifestyle;
- Weak immunity;
- Overweight and obesity;
- Having bad habits.
It is very easy to contract prostatitis from hypothermia during the cold season. Colds are dangerous not only for men, but also for women. In their case, severe hypothermia of the body is fraught with the development of cystitis.
Many factors that negatively affect the body, such as hypothermia, can provoke an exacerbation of prostatitis.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis, which can occur due to the lack of timely treatment, in most cases manifests itself in a latent form. The man does not even notice that unhealthy changes are taking place in his body. The disease remembers itself only in moments of exacerbation. If the patient is suffering from unfavorable factors, the chronic form of prostatitis is quickly replaced by an acute one. Subsequently, painful symptoms appear that force the man to go to the urologist.
An exacerbation of chronic prostatitis can occur for any reason. To avoid this, a man does not need to overcool, succumb to stress and strong feelings, and even allow infection with viral diseases.
The recurrence of prostatitis is sometimes caused by an operation on the organs of the genitourinary system.
Causes of congestive prostatitis
Patients ask urologists what causes congestive prostatitis. Many experts are confident of the opinion that this form of inflammatory disease is caused by the following reasons:
- Psychosomatic disorders;
- Congestion, ie stagnation of biological fluids;
- Violation of the processes of microcirculation and hemodynamics in the small pelvis.
This is what causes bacterial (stagnant) prostatitis. It is diagnosed when the patient has a state of congestion. This is the name of the stagnation of secretions in the prostate gland. This is due to the lack of adequate drainage and blood filling of the pelvic veins. Because of this, they are too full in the area of the lower vesicular and prostate plexus.
It is believed that congestion in the small pelvis along with chronic pelvic pain syndrome can lead to the development of chronic prostatitis. The following factors increase this probability several times:
- Severe hypothermia of the body;
- The practice of interrupted intercourse as the main method of contraception;
- Sedentary lifestyle;
- Chronic nicotine poisoning.
The main reasons also include concomitant pathologies related to the development of varicose veins located in the pelvic region. Also, this group includes violations in the work of the rectum and a failure of the motor function of the intestine. All these factors are the definitive answer to questions about why prostatitis occurs.
Congestive prostatitis is called the employee disease, so physical activity after work is a must
If a man starts showing signs of prostatitis, he should see a urologist immediately for medical help. The sooner he does this, the faster he will get rid of the unpleasant disease. Unfortunately, its first symptoms appear after some time, therefore, in the early stages of development, the inflammatory process in the gland can only be detected during a routine examination. Diagnosing the chronic course of bacterial prostatitis has the greatest difficulties. This is because it is unable to appear with pronounced markings. They are usually so weak that a person practically does not notice them.
Doctors understand that the prostate is affected by a disease such as prostatitis, which is diagnosed only in men, after reviewing the results of tests and examinations passed by the patient:
- Clinical analysis of urine and blood.Helps identify inflammation in the body and other important markers needed for a diagnosis;
- Analysis of prostatic secretion.Reveals the presence or absence of an infectious agent that could lead to a breach;
- Tank susceptibility to bacteria.It is necessary when bacterial prostatitis is detected for the correct selection of antibiotic therapy;
- Blood test for prostate specific antigen. The level of PSA determines the current problems in the work of the glandular organ;
- General history.It is collected at the beginning of the diagnosis. The study evaluates the subfebrile temperature, the frequency of inflammation and disorders of the diro;
- Instrumental diagnostics.The urologist will be able to see the complete picture of the disease after the patient has undergone a study of the genitourinary system using TRUS, digital rectal examination and MRI. If the disease is latent, PET-CT will help identify it.
Before treating a disease, a specialist must be sure that his diagnosis is correct. If necessary, he can consult other narrow-profile specialists who also treat prostatitis and identify its causes.
Sometimes a urologist will refer a man to an oncologist for examination. This is because neglected prostatitis can one day lead to glandular tissue overgrowth. Against this background, the patient shows signs of prostate adenoma or cancer. The oncologist will perform standard procedures with the patient that allow to identify the malignant course of pathological processes in the prostate.
After a complete diagnosis, the patient can start treatment for prostatitis. The entire course should take place under the full supervision of a specialist so that he can monitor the effectiveness of the therapy.